EDUC 323 Chapter Notes -Penis Envy, Anal Stage, Defence Mechanisms

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Said a dream a psychosis (with all the absurdities) Ego"s task to meet demands raised by reality, id and super ego. Most prominent theories of counselling and psychotherapy incorporate. Freud"s ideas or were formulated in reaction to them: basic philosophy, freud pessimistic (against idea of human nature being inherently positive) Said human behaviour produced by conflicts b/w genetically build in drives (self preservation, sex and destruction) In psychoanalytic theory a great deal about a person is determined before age 6: children enacting genetically determined developmental sequence (which goes until age 6 normally and then psychological dev goes dormant) According to him all psychopathology had roots in early development and arose out of conflicts among various psychic entities. Freud said humans have innate instinctual urges resulting from evolutionary heritage. Instincts must be expressed or indiv will become dysfunctional (freud said ill )

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