HIST 102W Chapter Notes -Culture Of Quebec, Distinct Society, Canadian Nationalism

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Published on 19 Apr 2013
School
Simon Fraser University
Department
History
Course
HIST 102
- Constant struggle between Anglophones and francophones
- Britain and France struggling over Canadian soil
- 7 year war = Britain taking over France’s colonies in North America
- During the world wars, French were against conscription and support of the war
o Believed that we should have Canadian nationalism and not support imperialism
(English speaking people)
o English speakers only went to war to support imperialism, Britain
o
- Francophones = minority
- Want to preserve their own French culture; hard because rest of Canada was Anglophones
- Separatist movements has been an ideology that can be found throughout Canadian history
- Many rebellions and fighting for French Canadian nationalism
- Quiet revolution
o Jean Lesage, premier of Quebec
o Radical nonviolent transformation in the politics, society and economy of Quebec
o Traditional people modernized the economy and the social structure
o Secularization Roman catholic churches no longer controlled education, health care,
social services
o Took measures to get control over the province’s economy and nationalized electricity
production and distribution
o Widespread change
o More support for independence
o Defend Quebecois culture and language
o Modernize Quebec society
- Quiet revolution was a non-violent and legal repercussions used to promote separatism in
Quebec
o Many people also protested in non-violent but illegal ways (ex. Vandalism)
o But there was also a movement that associated independence with violence
o FLQ
o They protested many ways
Bombed rich Anglophone neighbourhood
Stole money and military equipment
Kidnapped two men and later murdered one of them
War measures act was used to arrest any FLQ members
- During this time period (1960-1970) the support for separatism in Quebec increased
- Especially when the parti Quebecois was formed conceptualized
- Later a group, Parti Quebecois, emerged claiming that Quebec needed to be independent
- Introduced measures to strengthen and protect the use of French language in the province
o Making it the official language of government and the courts , and businesses
o Even passed a bill that restricted English-language education
- Parti Quebecois called for a referendum in the province on the question of separation in 1980
o It was defeated (40% in favor)
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Document Summary

Britain and france struggling over canadian soil. During the world wars, french were against conscription and support of the war. 7 year war = britain taking over france"s colonies in north america: believed that we should have canadian nationalism and not support imperialism (english speaking people, english speakers only went to war to support imperialism, britain. Want to preserve their own french culture; hard because rest of canada was anglophones. Separatist movements has been an ideology that can be found throughout canadian history. Many rebellions and fighting for french canadian nationalism. Jean lesage, premier of quebec: radical nonviolent transformation in the politics, society and economy of quebec, traditional people modernized the economy and the social structure, secularization roman catholic churches no longer controlled education, health care, social services. Took measures to get control over the province"s economy and nationalized electricity production and distribution: widespread change, more support for independence, defend quebecois culture and language, modernize quebec society.

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