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HIST 130 Chapter Notes -Alms, Golden Rule, Social Control

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HIST 130
Luke Clossey

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HIST 130 Readings Weeks 1-2
World ch. 13 p.412
- earliest records of Mongol peoples occur in Chinese annals of the 7th century
- “Mongol” and “Tatars”: commonality is that they spoke languages of common origins different
from the Turks
- 12th century: bands of formed alliances got bigger, menacing raids
- “ crane catching”: prowess in war enabled particular leaders to build up followings in parallel
with the old social order
- 1206 : Temujin proclaims himself “Khan” (ruler)
- 1921-1990: Mongolia was a communist state
- 13th century: cold spell may have driven the Mongols to dominate and exploit surrounding
sedentary peoples
- Tengri: devoted to the Sky as a supreme deity
- 1258: Mongols capture Baghdad, killed the caliph (supreme Islamic political and religious
- 1279: completed conquest of China
- 1234: captured the Georgian capital
- 1270’s: destroyed Song dynasty
- GK depended on Uighurs for administrators and adopted the script for Mongolian language
- 1246: led the pope’s ambassador through 3000 miles in an effort to forge friendship between
Mongols and the Christian West
- 1253: William of Rubruck is sent to see Mongolian way of living
- Mixed pastoralism was essential (different animals)
- Later 13th century: Kubilai Khan introduces himself to Marco Polo
- Mongol Peace encouraged the use of the Silk Roads
- 1276: Song emperor abdicates throne to Mongols Mandate of Heaven
- Il-Khan Ghazan declares his conversion to Islam in Persia
- Egyptian slave army: Mamluks. Replaced ruler of Saladin in 1254
- 1260: Turned back the Mongol army at Ain Jalut (Syria)
- Mamluk victory kept Mongols out of Africa, imposed Islam
- 1211: Iltutmish takes command of Delhi (ex slave), chose his daughter as successor in 1236
- 1250: Mamluks take over Egypt
- Western science grew more empirical
- Roger Bacon: gave up riches to follow in God’s footsteps
- 13th century: glass making
- Mongol Peace: roads carried Chinese ideas and technology westward, opened European minds
Note: These are literary works, not historical
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