HSCI 180 Chapter 8: HSCI 180 CHAPTER 8

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Chapter 8: psychotherapeutic drugs: medication for mental disorders. In schizophrenia and to a lesser extent, other psychological disorders, Self-medication hypothesis suggests that people choose a o particular drug that is effective in combating symptoms of psychosis. The symptoms are lessened with the drug, which provides negative reinforcement. Negative reinforcement: the reinforcing of a response by giving an aversive stimulus when the response is not made and omitting the aversive stimulus when the stimulus is made. Primary addiction hypothesis suggests that the neurobiology of o psychosis and the brain areas involved increase a persons vulnerability to substance abuse. Increased vulnerability may produce increased pleasure with use, which provides positive reinforcement. Positive reinforcement: the offering of desirable effects or consequences for a behavior with the intention of increasing the chance of that behavior being repeated in the future. Social phobia; persistent fear of social performance (talking infront.

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