PSYC 221 Chapter Notes - Chapter 6: Classical Conditioning, Thiamine, Endel Tulving

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Korsakoff"s syndrome: a condition caused by a prolonged deficiency of vitamin b1, usually as a result of chronic alcoholism, that leads to destruction of areas on the frontal and temporal lobes and causes severe impairments in memory. Anterograde amnesia: loss of ability to retain new knowledge. Retrograde amnesia: the loss of memory or events that have happened in the past. Long-term memory (ltm): the system that is responsible for storing information for long periods of time. Serial position curve: in a memory experiment in which participants are asked to recall a list of words, a plot of the percentage of participants remembering each word against the position of that word in the lit. Primacy effect: superior memory for stimuli presented at the beginning of a sequence (words presented first) Possible explanation: participants had time to rehearse these words and transfer them to ltm. Recency effect: superior memory for stimuli presened at the end of a sequence.

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