Textbook Notes (368,666)
Canada (162,055)
Psychology (935)
PSYC 391 (23)
Chapter

Psyc 391 pg 147-156.docx

4 Pages
109 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 391
Professor
Kim Bartholomew
Semester
Spring

Description
Psyc 391- Ch 5 pg 147-156 • Erotophobia= revulsion toward erotic stimuli, tendency to experience negative emotional rxns when exposed to sexual situations/info/imgs • Erotophilia= liking for erotic stimuli, tendency to experience positive emotional rxns when exposed to sexual things o These 2 the extremes on a range • 1 factor to influence sexual behaviour is indiv’s tendency to respond to sexual cues w/typical types of emotions o Byrne said this term “evaluative, attitudinal sets” o Authoritarianism correlated w/erotophobia-erotophilia  If strongly authoritarian are strongly devoted to tradition and maintaining status quo so react negatively to behaviour that’s contrary to accepted standards, are intolerant of sexual openness and expression (erotophobic) • Erotophobic ppl score higher on sex guilt (tendency to experience negative feelings about socially unacceptable behaviour o Erotophobia/philia related to nature of family environment experiences during childhood/adolescence  Erotophobia associated w/reports of parental strictness about sex, sex related guilt, fears, inhibitions, conservative attitudes as well as avoidance of masturbation, erotica and (at least for women) multiple premarital partners • Parents also less likely to give children straightfwd answers to questions about sex and provide less info  Erotophobia/philia linked to rxn of indivs to own sexual experiences before 16 years old • Ppl w/largely positive feelings about early experiences had higher scores on erotophilia (so more erotophilic as adults that ppl w/negative and mixed feelings about early sexual experiences) • Erotophobic women and men masturbate less and have less sexual experience and fewer sexual partners o Erotophilic ppl believe items purchased help w/sex life compared w/erotophobic ppl o Erotophilic ppl believe their way of life helps then to attract sexual partners and that their possessions help contrib. To their sexual enjoyment • Erotophobic women report less sexual interest, behaviour, satisfaction and experimentation during pregnancy than erotophilic F o Also erotophobic men engage in less frequent masturbation and sexual behaviour than erotophilic men o Erotophobic F delay sex after birth too, masturbate less, less likely to breastfeed o Erotophobic women use contraception less consistently (general lack of knowledge)  Greater discomfort w/subject so less interested in getting involved/all the info so more likely persuaded by illogical/irrelevant things in making decisions  Emotional inhibition hypothesis: negative emotions about sexuality cause lower levels of sexual behaviour and contraception • Negative feelings RE sexual issues inhibit expression of sexuality • Inhibition causes probs when negative emotions not strong enough to prevent sexual behaviour yet they’re strong enough to prevent contraceptive behaviour • Erotophobic ppl link sexual concepts more strongly w/other negative concepts, believe that pregnancy is less likely to result from sexual behaviour, and are less influenced by negative outcomes thought to result from unplanned pregnancy o Findings indicated that difs in processing info cause erotophobic ppl to believe that sexual behaviour is less risky than erotophilic indivs • Erotophobic women examines selves for breast cancer less often and feel less competent when shown how o Erotophilic women think instruction better understood for self breast
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 391

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit