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PSYC 1030H (44)
Chapter 16

Psychology Chapter 16 glossary.docx

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PSYC 1030H
Brenda Smith- Chant

Psychology Chapter 16: Approaches to Treatment and Therapy Antipsychotic Drugs: Neuroleptics; drugs used primarily in the treatment of schizophrenia and other psychotic disorders; they are often used off label and inappropriately for other disorders such as dementia and impulsive aggressiveness Lithium Carbonate: A drug frequently given to people suffering from bipolar disorder Therapeutic Window: The amount of a drug that is enough but not too much, taking into account the fact that the same dose of a drug may be metabolized differently in men and women, old and young, and different ethnic groups Psychosurgery: Any surgical procedure that destroys selected areas of the brain believed to be involved in emotional disorders or violent, impulsive behaviour ECT: Electroconvulsive therapy; a procedure used in cases of prolonged and severe major depression, in which a brief brain seizure is induced Transference: In psychodynamic therapies, a critical process in which the client transfers unconscious emotions or reactions, such as emotional feelings about his or her feelings about his or her parents, onto the therapist Behaviour Therapy: A form of therapy that applies principles of classical and operant conditioning to help people change self-defeating or problematic behaviours Graduated Exposure: In behaviour therapy, a method in which a person suffering from a phobia or panic attacks is gradually taken into the feared situation or exposed to a traumatic memory until the anxiety subsides Behavioural In behaviour therapy, a method of keeping careful data on the frequency and consequences of Self-Modelling: the behaviour to be changed Skills Training: In behaviour therapy, an effort to teach the client skills that he or she may lack, as well as new constructive behaviours to replace self-defeating ones Cognitive Therapy: A form of therapy designed to identify and change irrational, unproductive ways of thinking and, hence, to reduce negative emotions REBT: Rational emotive behaviour therapy; a form of cognitive therapy devised by Albert Ellis Humanist Therapy: A form of psychotherapy based on the philosophy of humanism, which emphasizes the client’s free will to change rather than past conflicts Client-Centered A humanist approach, devised by Carl Rogers, which emphasizes the therapist’s empathy with (Nondirective) Therapy: the client and the use of unconditional positive regard Existential Therapy: A form of therapy designed to help clients explore the meaning of existence and face the great questions of idea, such as death, freedom, alienation, and loneliness Family-Systems An approach to doing therapy with individuals or families by identifying how each family Perspective: member forms part of a larger interacting system RTC: Randomized control trials; research designed to determine the effectiveness of a new medication or form of therapy, in which people with a given problem or disorder a
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