1) Most social animals are capable of communicating with other members of their
species, and even across species for example a dog communicate in different ways
to its master BUT is this considered a language?
2) A communication system is typically considered a language if it has three
defining properties: what are these?
3) In terms of communication system ( language) what does generalpurpose mean?
Honey bees utilize a rich, detailed communication system is this considered a
4) Does human language general purpose? How so?
5) Sometimes people with different linguistic backgrounds are forced to interact; the
result is usually the development of a what? Are these true languages? Why or
why not? Is bee language considered this?
6) What is creole? What is the prereq for this? Would adult speaking a language
sufficient to get that language spreading? Give an example of how of a country’s
language that came to be?
7) Explain how the Nicaraguan Sign Language came to be? Which question does it
answer from above?
8) When confronted with rich, detailed topics, we can create new words to convey
new meanings. Can most animals do that? Give example?
9) What do we see in most specialized topic inters of the creation of words?
10) Do eskimos really have 100 words for snow? Does something like that really
11) What does Symbolically Arbitrary mean? Explain using wolfs and the
underground dog things?
12)How is it possible that the human language might NOT symbolically arbitrary
either! Explain using the the Shape Naming Commission ( i.e. the kint and
smooth lines in each of them)?
13)What is phonesthemes? Give in example of it?
14)What is sound symbolism?
15)In an experiment where Participants were shown a string of letters within a frame,
and had to decide whether the string of letters was a word or not by pressing a
button. 1) Strings of letters were either words (violin) or nonwords (morm). 2)
Frames around the words were either spiky or curved. What did the result show?
16) What is the interpretation of the result in experiment # 16? ( hint: what happens
as word is being formed vs. after it is formed)
17) what is Etymology? Give an example of this concept?
18) Despite ‘mama’ emerging in multiple languages with different historical roots, it
never refers to “chair” and almost always refers to “immediate female caregiver”
even though it does mean different things. What does this suggest?
19)So, are words really symbolically arbitrary?
20) What is Generativity?
21) What is finite and infinite part of human language?
22)Are most animal language generative? Explain using bee example?
23) What are Phonemes? 24) Depending on which dialect of English is being discussed, how many phonemes
are utilized during speech? Even though different languages use different
phenomes, what is the common theme that continues to appear?
25) Explain the Phoneme Acquisition of childrens ( 3)? What happens as
we grow up?
26) What are Morphemes? What are the different types of morphemes? Are affixes
like ing, ide, morphemes?
27) How many m morphemes are in English language? still what does this mean?
28)Animal calls carry meaning much like morphemes but is this language? Why or
29) We seem to combine phonemes and morphemes according to 2 set of rules what
are these rules called?
30) What does Grammar allows us to do? ( hint: Suffix/affix rules and phrase rules
are called grammer rules). Do dolphins have language?
31)Languages have such obvious patterns in word usage that it has been suggested
we literally (unconsciously) follow grammatical rules when producing and
comprehending speech then If this is the case, then what can we assert about
sentences that follow and don’t follow grammer?