Applying Extinctions: chapter 14
Extinctions: eliminating the reinforcing consequences for a behavior, which results in a
decrease in the frequency of that particular behavior. You may provide reinforcement for
the desirable behavior while using extinction. This extinction has to be applied by
everyone involved in that person’s life and in every situation to allow for generalization
( the willy example). Also, you have to continue to not reinforce the undesirable behavior
in the future. There are 6 steps:
1) Collect data to assess the treatment effects
2) Indentify rein forcer for problem behavior
3) Eliminate that reinforce after EACH instance of undesirable behavior ( make sure
to ask yourself that have you identified the rein forcer, can you eliminate it, is it
safe, can extinction burst be tolerated, and can it be maintained?)
4) Consider schedule of reinforcement for problem behavior
5) Reinforce alternative behavior
6) Promote generalization and maintenance.
Using extinction to decrease a problem behavior:
Extinction is the first treatment option since there has to be a reinforcer that is keeping
this behavior from occurring.
1) Collecting data to Asses treatment effects: need to have a behavioral definition and
the main goal is to collect data before and after the treatment in different setting in which
the behavior occurs, a reliable data method collector etc. If you using experimental
method, make sure you have approval to do so.
2) Identifying the reinforcer for the problem behavior through functional
assessment: You have to know what cause what and under what context as different
people, different situations, produces different reinforce of behavior. This will determine
the success of using extinction in treatment.
3) Eliminate that reinforce after EACH instance of undesirable behavior. Before
eliminating or using extinction you have to answer these 5 questions:
1) Have you identified what the rein forcer is (this could be different for different
people under different situation so have you know).
Many different types of extinction are possible like removing attention, or preventing any
avoidance behavior and using physical guidance to engage the person in a behavior and
then provide praise, or using sensory extinction (i.e. you like banging you head so lets put
a helmet on it). For all these to be eliminated, you have to know that these reinforce the
behavior (step 1). Is it positive reinforcement (then remove what is added), is it negative
reinforcement (then give what was avoided or escape extinction)
2) Can you actually eliminated the rein forcers: This depend on if you have control
over the rein forcer. I.e. in attention giving, the person giving the attention has a control
over it and can thus stop giving that. Thus, can successfully provide extinction. If the change agent ( in this ca