Visible minority: persons, other than aboriginal people, who are non-caucasian in race or non-white in colour. Blackface minstrel shows have a history in niagara region - aimed at white tourists until the 1950s. Blackface helps maintain and normalize anti-black racism and systematic oppression. Social meaning of race: social construct used to distinguish people in terms of one or more physical markers, usually with profound effects on their lives. As biological entities race" does not exist, but still matters! Allows social inequality to be created and perpetuated. A woman of mixed race will be called: Ethnic group: composed of people whose perceived cultural markers are socially significant. Especially in creating and maintaining systems of social inequality. Racialization: the process in which people are viewed and judged essentially different in terms of their intellect, their morality, their values, and their worth because of differences of physical type or cultural heritage. Aboriginal voices barely heard in the sociological study of their people.