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Chapter 14

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ANTH 1150

Chapter 14 Sexuality and Gender Stratification Sex vs GenderSexrefers to anatomical and physiological attributes and gender refers to learned cultural and psychological attributesMore men approve of casual sex when having sex more men have orgasms men seek out sex more often they start having sex at an earlier age and have a higher number of partners over a lifetime than women and men like sex for its own sake whereas women express a need for emotional intimacy and are more selectiveMales are interested at spreading their genes around and women are more selective because they incur a greater investment due to the higher maintenance required to ensure that each child will survive on its own77 in a study considered the male and female sex drives to be equally strongfemale sexuality is often suppressed and denigratedUnder postindustrial conditions the long range trend toward decreased fertility and womens growing economic status undoubtedly will impact mating strategieswomen are pregnant on average less than 5 percent of their adult lives and are slowly gaining parity with men in the workforceIn Mangaia people are very silent and private about sex but participate enthusiastically in it regardless before puberty and premarital average girl will have 3 to 4 sexual partners between the ages of 13 to 20 and boys may have 10 or moreYoung men are expected to have 3 to 4 orgasms per nightThere is no romantic love or sexual attraction or so the boys sayIn Inis Nead sex is showed in guilt and sin regarded as a duty women must perform for their husbands women remain passive during sex minimal foreplay sometimes some rough fondling of the buttocks and some kissing husbands always initiate and reach orgasm as quickly as possible and they keep their underwear on and turn off the lights Restrictive vs Permissive CulturesGreater restrictions on premarital sex occur in societies stratified by class where inheritance and property rights belong to menStratified societies with differential wealth are concerned with preventing their children from marrying beneath themControl over female sexuality is a way of controlling paternitySexually permissive societies tend to be kinbased with corporate ownership of land and minimal property inheritance Homosexuality
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