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ANTH 2660 (10)
Chapter 1-4

Readings - ANTH 2660 Chapters 1-4.docx

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University of Guelph
ANTH 2660
Edward Hedican

Chapter 1 Introduction Anthropologists have two problems when dealing with differing cultures o Having to deal with the group of people wary of outsiders o Having to deal with a group of people who might manipulate and exploit the first groupTerminology o AboriginalAll nativesIncluding First Nations Inuit Mtis o IndianThose with status Federal governments responsibility More legal connotation due to Indian ActOutside of this it is a pejorative term from Columbuss mistake o Status IndiansNames included on registryOnly recognized as Indians under the Indians ActAnd under the Indian Act they have special privileges and rights under the law o NonStatus IndiansNot entitled to the same benefits and rights o NativeSuperseded by AboriginalMainly used for Aboriginals in America o ReserveLand set aside by the crown for the benefit and use of the bandNow the term is referred to as First Nations community by the AboriginalsBut still prominent in the Indian Act so it will always be there legally o Treaty IndiansDescendants of the people that signed treaties with the government Canadian or BritishIroquois did not sign the treaty and are called nontreaty Indians o Mtis Those of mixed race including AboriginalsUsually French1938 the Alberta government set aside land for the Mtis people o InuitThose who speak the Inuktitut languageLiterally means the peopleReplaced the word EskimoThe Indian Act does not apply to InuitBut SPC made a decision in 1939 saying any decision regarding natives also includes the Inuit o Some terms are not correct or have been created by people outside those it pertains toAssiniboine Sioux speaking Tribe EastSaskatchewanAn Algonquin term meaing stone cookerseatersSiouxMeans snake or enemyAlgonquin termOjibwaMay mean puckered moccasins Not used by the tribe themselvesLike to be called Anishenabe meaning people o Some terms were named by EuropeansMontagnaisPeople of the mountainSaulteauxSouthern ManitobaLanguage and Aboriginals o There are six languages for Aboriginals in CanadaThe AlgonquinAnishenabe OjibwaCree Not the right terms o Northern Ontario Manitoba QCMicmac o NBNS Blackfoot o ABIroquois The Five Nations moved to southern Ontarioo They comprise of Mohawk Oneida Cayuga Onondaga Seneca o Moved due to Joseph Brant and their aid to the British during the American RevolutionThe DeneLive in the Northern territoriesIn this family are Kutchin Chipewan Tutchone and DogribThe InuitComprise of the Netsilik Igluik and caribou InuitLive in Nunivut The SalishLive in BC Largest language family
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