Textbook Notes (358,771)
Canada (155,831)
Anthropology (190)
ANTH 3650 (5)
Chapter 1

Anth 3650 Jennings Ch.1 .doc
Anth 3650 Jennings Ch.1 .doc

4 Pages
109 Views
Unlock Document

School
University of Guelph
Department
Anthropology
Course
ANTH 3650
Professor
Edward Hedican
Semester
Fall

Description
Jennings – Chapter 1: Prehistory of North America Definitions, Distinctions & Background p.1-12 - Invoicing self-conscious theory in archaeological interpretation is more characteristic of 1960s, 1970s, 1980s, - Book is based on some assumptions 1. most human behaviour is adaptive. adaptation to a specific social and natural envi- ronment is the piece of cultural survival 2. adaptation must be treated as a set of culturally controlled human interactions with the natural environment, in a two-way relationship called ecology. Adaptation leads to an ecological perspective. 3. culture is a dynamic, open-system. Effects of some interactions can be detected. e.g. long-term climate change could force changed in the food species collected. Culture History: Implied that most human behaviour is guided by a series of culturally established concepts or precepts of what are correct, and acceptably patterned activi- ties in a given cultural entity. American archaeology began in Europe, shifted to North America two centuries ago. - formal history began with Thomas Jefferson’s investigation of a burial mound on his estate in Virginia - next century = myths and misconceptions that Native Americans were incapable of the craftsmanship needed to create what was found. - laid to rest by smithsonian institution archaeologists in 1880s - 1492-1840 Speculative Period - 1840-1914 Classificatory - Descriptive Period - when some myths were weakened - 1914-1940 Classificatory - Historical Period - devoted to chronology - 1940-1960 devoted to context and function - 1960 on - Explanatory Period - many excursions into Theory and answer ‘why’ Archaeology Defined - branch of anthropology - divided into two fields 1) Physical Anthropology - defined homo sapiens as a mammalian species subject to genetic and biological study like any other species 2) Cultural Anthropology - concerned with human behaviour in groups and included the subfields or linguistic, archaeology, and ethnology Archaeology defined as dealing with material objects, structures and other remnants of extinct lifeways. - also an incomplete extension of history into prehistoric time - always has a chronological/historical bias - findings provide data as documents in the task of learning and explaining cultural his- tory - limited to material objects and their context Archaeology --> proper word for techniques and methods used in collecting and study- ing the objects residual from human behaviour - is analytic PreHistory - implies a holistic overview from using archaeological, linguistic data in an explanation or more precise statement about the human past in general or a specific lo- cal culture - it is synthetic Diversity of Aboriginal Cultures in America - 7 major language stocks in North America - total of mutually unintelligible languages is 200+ - diversity in vast range of sociopolitical organization mythology, religion, art motifs and technologies - tribal diversity is somewhat patterned - culture area geographical area within which cultures show considerable similarity to each other and relative lack of similarity to culture
More Less

Related notes for ANTH 3650

Log In


OR

Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.

Submit