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Chapter 9

ARTH 2550 Chapter Notes - Chapter 9: Masaccio


Department
Art History
Course Code
ARTH 2550
Professor
Sally Hickson
Chapter
9

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Italian Renaissance – Chapter 9 02/10/2014
Developments in Umbria, the Marches, and Naples: 1400s – 1460s
The Ideal City
Later part of the fifteenth century
Emphasis on the centralized vision of a city and the ideal of the round temple
Center is symmetrically balanced by buildings with round arches, rectangular windows, and Corinthian
columns and pilasters
The orthogonal lines of the tiles of the piazza lead to a single vanishing point
Vitruvius
Marcus Vitruvius Pollio
De Architectura
Based on a combination of Vitruvius’s own experience and earlier writings by Greek and Etruscan
architects.

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02/10/2014
Alfonso I of Naples
1396 – 1458
The court of Alfonso was an important center of humanism and Classical revival
Alfonso V
Defeated the French rulers of Naples and established the court
Developed the arts and the economy of his territories
Used the arts to reinforce his power
International flavor
Spanish and Flemish artists
Roman sculptors
Pisanello’s Medal of Alfonso
1449
By Pisanello
Proud military figure
DIVUS ALPHONSUS REX TRIUMPHATOR ET PACIFICUS
Divine alphonso triumphant and peace-making king
Eagle
Alfonso’s links to Rome

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02/10/2014
The legitimacy of his rule
Royal generosity
Towers over birds feeding on a leftover animal carcass in a rocky landscape
The goodwill of the king is ensured as long as he has first been satisfied
LIBERALITAS AUSGUSTA
Imperial generosity
Ausgusta
An allusion to imperial Rome and its first emperor, Augustus
The Aragonese Arch
A defensive medieval castle with a seemingly more accessible triumphal arch
Marble
Celebrated Alfonso’s victory of 1443 against the Angevins
Two arches
One above the other
The iconography of the upper section is allegorical
The lower section deals with the history and political image of Alfonso
Corinthian columns supporting an entablature
Two emblematic griffins flank the aragonese coat of arms surmounted by Alfonso’s crown.
Cornucopias signify the prosperity of Alfonso’s reign
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