ECON 1100 Chapter Notes - Chapter 10: Fractional-Reserve Banking, Fiat Money, Bank Panic
With explanations and work please!
Suppose the Federal Reserve buys 100 of mortgage-backed securities in the open market. What effect will this open market operation have on demand deposits and M1? Show all work.
Assume the required reserve ratio is 10% and the currency drain is 40%. Ignore all other complications. Thanks!
What is 'M1'
M1 is a metric for the money supply of a country and includes physical money â both paper and coin â as well as checking accounts, demand deposits and negotiable order of withdrawal (NOW) accounts. The most liquid portions of the money supply are measured by M1 because it contains currency and assets that can be converted to cash quickly. "Near money" and "near, near money," which fall under M2 and M3, cannot be converted to currency as quickly.
M1= Currency + Demand Deposits
A) Bill has $50 worth of pennies in a coffee jar
B) Mike has $600 in his checking account
C) Jill has $400 in travelerâs checks
D) Jules has $400 worth of $1 bills in the piggybank
E) John has $500 in his savings account
2. Which of the following make up the money supply as it is mostnarrowly defined?
A) coins and currency held by the nonbank public, traveler'schecks, and savings deposits
B) all coins and currency held by the nonbank public
C) coins and currency held by the nonbank public, checkingdeposits, and traveler's checks
D) coins and currency held by the nonbank public, checkingdeposits, and savings deposits
E) checking deposits, savings deposits, and money market mutualfund accounts
3. Which of the following are included in the narrowest definitionof the money supply?
A) cash in bank vaults
B) savings deposits
C) money market mutual fund accounts
D) negotiable certificates of deposit
E) checkable deposits
4. If you returned a $5 Federal Reserve note to the Fed, you couldreceive
A) $5 in silver
B) $5 in gold
C) 5 one-dollar bills
D) 10 one-dollar bills
E) a small gold bar
5. The Federal Reserve's narrowest definition of money is
D) near money
E) money market mutual funds
6. As a lender, a bank holds an advantage over any individualperson because
A) individuals do not diversify their asset holdings
B) individuals are better at enforcing loan contracts
C) banks have to engage in extensive and costly searches forpotential borrowers
D) banks develop expertise in evaluating borrowers' loanapplications
E) individuals have extensive knowledge of and experience inwriting loan contracts
7. If a bank has $1 million in assets and $50,000 in net worth, itsliabilities must equal
C) $50 million
8. Suppose the required reserve ratio is 0.1 and Linda deposits$4,000 in cash at the College State Bank. If the bank held noexcess reserves before Linda's deposit and now increases itsreserves by $500, which of the following is true?
A) The bank must have lent out an additional $4,000.
B) The $500 are required reserves.
C) The bank has excess reserves of $100.
D) Both the bank's assets and its liabilities rise by $500.
E) The bank has $500 in excess reserves.
9. Suppose that the First National Bank acquires $500,000 in newdeposits and the required reserve ratio is 12 percent. Which of thefollowing is true?
A) The First National Bank can increase the money supply by$500,000.
B) The First National Bank can increase the money supply by$400,000.
C) The First National Bank can increase the money supply by$440,000.
D) The entire banking system can increase the money supply by nomore than $500,000 if the First National Bank lends out its excessreserves.
E) The entire banking system can increase the money supply by nomore than $440,000 if the First National Bank lends out its excessreserves.
10. The ability to convert a store of value into a medium ofexchange with little loss of value is known as
11. Which of the following would likely increase the moneysupply?
A) One bank buys government securities from another bank.
B) The required reserve ratio increases.
C) The Fed increases the reserves of commercial banks and the bankshold these as excess reserves.
D) The discount rate increases.
E) A bank sells government securities to the Fed.
12. The simple money multiplier equals
A) the required reserve ratio
B) the reciprocal of the required reserve ratio
C) 1 minus the required reserve ratio
D) 1 minus the reciprocal of the required reserve ratio
E) the square of the required reserve ratio
13. If the simple money multiplier is 5, the required reserve ratiomust be
A) 5 percent
C) 10 percent
D) 50 percent
E) 20 percent
14. If an increase in excess reserves of $10 million increasescheckable deposits in the banking system by a maximum of $200million, the required reserve ratio is
B) 5 percent
C) 10 percent
D) 20 percent
E) 2 percent
15. Suppose the reserve requirement ratio is 20 percent. Assumingno bank holds excess reserves and nobody withdraws cash, a $10,000injection of new excess reserves by the Fed can create
A) $2,000 in new checkable deposits
B) $10,000 in new checkable deposits
C) $50,000 in new checkable deposits
D) $500,000 in new checkable deposits
E) $50,000 in cash
16. Which of the following is not one of the procedures the Feduses to change the money supply?
A) buying government securities
B) selling government securities
C) lending reserves through the discount window
D) changing the required reserve ratio
E) extending loans to the public
17. Which of the following statements is correct?
A) To control the money supply, the Fed relies primarily on thereserve requirement.
B) The discount rate is the rate of interest banks charge to theirbest customers.
C) The Fed changes the reserve requirement frequently.
D) Because the Fed has no way to earn income, it is dependent uponCongress for appropriations.
E) Banks can turn a borrower's IOU into money--i.e., they cancreate money.
18. Lowering the discount rate is a way to expand the money supplybecause
A) it encourages banks to borrow from the Fed so they can moreeasily accommodate their customers' needs for loans
B) it encourages business customers to borrow directly from theFed
C) a lower discount rate reduces the amount of reserves banks arerequired to keep
D) a lower discount rate automatically reduces excessreserves
E) it encourages banks to sell U.S. government securities andincrease their cash reserves
19. The Fed operates
A) on a balanced budget
B) at a loss, since Federal Reserve notes and member bank depositsearn no interest
C) at a profit, since Federal Reserve notes and bank deposits earnno interest, but government securities and loans to commercialbanks do
D) at a profit, since Federal Reserve notes and member bankdeposits earn interest
E) at a loss, since Federal Reserve notes and member bank depositsearn interest, but government securities and loans to commercialbanks do not
20. Katie Sierra is willing to pay a higher interest rate. With noincome verification, she can apply for a type of loan commonlycalled
A) lion loans
B) liars loans
C) phantom loans
D) vaporware loans
E) prime-rate loans
1. Which of the following is NOT a tool the Fed uses to manage the money supply?
A) open market operations
B) discount policy
C) deposit insurance
D) reserve requirements 0.4 points
2. The problem with barter economies is:
A) less time and trouble to trade as compared with a money economy.
B) that there may be a double coincidence of wants.
C) a banking system for trade to occur.
D) that there be a single coincidence of wants.
3. If banks do not loan out all their excess reserves, then the real world multiplier is
A) smaller than 1/RR.
B) larger than 1/RR.
C) equal to 1/RR.
D) not related to 1/RR.
4. If the Federal Open Market Committee wants to increase the money supply through open market operations, it will
A) buy U.S. Treasury Securities.
B) sell U.S. Treasury Securities.
C) increase the discount rate.
D) decrease the discount rate.
5. M1 includes
A) currency in circulation, checking account balances at banks, the value of traveler's checks.
B) currency in circulation, savings accounts, checking account balances at banks.
C) currency in circulation, savings accounts, checking account balances at banks, travelers.
D) coins, savings account balances at banks, traveler's checks.
6. Using the quantity equation, if the velocity of money grows at 5 percent, the money supply grows at 10 percent, and real GDP grows at 4 percent, then the inflation rate will be
A) 19 percent.
B) 15 percent.
C) 11 percent.
D) 6 percent.
7. According to the quantity theory of money, the inflation rate equals
A) the money supply minus real output.
B) real output minus the money supply.
C) the growth rate of the money supply minus the growth rate of real output.
D) the growth rate of real output minus the growth rate of the money supply.
8. Suppose that you sold a basketball ticket for the SEC tournament for $750. Assuming that you deposit the entire $750 in your bank and that the RR = 10%, Answer the following questions while also using the same assumptions in the book/lecture slide. Correct answers contain no decimals. Please report them as they are.
a) What is the total change in checking account deposits?
b) How much new money is created? (or what is the change in money supply given the above state conditions?) The total change in the money supply is Blank 2.
c) The amount of new money created in this example would be higher or lower than in the real world. The amount of money created this way would be Bank 3 than in the real world.