Chapter 5 Summary -FRHD3150.docx

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Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course
FRHD 3150
Professor
Michelle Preyde
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter5DecreasingaBehaviourwithExtinctionExtinctionoTwotypesofextinctionoperantandrespondentoPrincipleofextinctionoperantstatesthataIfinagivensituationanindividualemitsapreviouslyreinforcedbehaviourandthatbehaviourisnotfollowedbyareinforcerbThenthatpersonislesslikelytodothesamethingagainwhennextencounteringasimilarsituationoWhichmeansifaresponsehasbeenincreasedinfrequencythroughpositivereinforcementthencompletelyceasingtoreinforcetheresponsewillcauseittodecreaseinfrequencyoVeryfewofusareawareofhowfrequentlyweareinfluencedbyextinctioneverydayofourlivessimplydoingwhatcomesnaturallyinourdailyactivitiesSeeexamplesofextinctionoItmaytakeseveralrepetitionsofbehaviouroccurringandnotbeingreinforcedbeforeanyreallyobviousdecreaseinfrequencyoccursoHoweverkeepinmindthatextinctionisjustoneofseveralpossiblecausesofdecreasesinbehaviourExamplesofExtinctionSituationResponseImmediateLongtermEffectsConsequences1A4yearoldchildThechildbeginstoTheparentsandThechildislessislyinginbedatmakeloudanimalguestsignorethelikelytomakenightwhilethenoiseswhilelyinginchildandcontinueanimalnoisesintheparentsaresittinginbedtotalkquietlyfuturesituationsofthelivingroomthatsorttalkingtoguests2ThenexteveningThechildholdsupTheparentsThebehaviourofthesamechildandheremptyplateandcontinuetalkinganddemandingdessertparentsarehavingyellsDessertignorethechildsislesslikelytodinneratthediningDessertDessertlouddemandsoccurinsimilarroomtableThesituationsinthechildhasjustfuturefinishedthemaincourse3AhusbandwifeThehusbandThewifegoesaboutUnproductivearestandinginthecomplainsaboutthepreparingsuppercomplainingbythekitchenjustafterthetrafficanddoesnotpayhusbandislesshusbandcomesattentiontohislikelytooccurinhomefromworkcommentsaboutthethatsituationinthetrafficfuture
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