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Chapter 1

FRHD 3040 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1: Benjamin Spock, Maria Montessori, Erik Erikson


Department
Family Relations and Human Development
Course Code
FRHD 3040
Professor
David Green
Chapter
1

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CHAPTER 1
summarize the influences of the early tradition of autocratic childrearing
autocratic childrearing=strict and harsh
hobbesian view=willful child
puritan beliefs=sinful child
show knowledge of the theories that emphasized parental understanding of children’s
motivation and behaviour and those that focused on respecting children’s enthusiasm for
learning
sigmund freud
focus on child’s natural instinct
john bowl by and mary ainsworth
focus on parental responsiveness
rene spitz
harmful effects of unresponsive caregivers
benjamin spock
limits within context of warmth and affection
b.f skinner
reinforcement as a consequence of appropriate behaviour
bandora and walters
imitation and modelling
erik erikson
resolution of psychological crises
maria Montessori
children have absorbent minds
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