Types of one: adolf meyer"s life chart and the representation of individuality by ruth leys. Author: ruth leys; professor at johns hopkins university in the humanities department; specializing in history and theory of psychoanalysis, history of psychiatry and psychology, 19th- and 20th-century intellectual history, and feminist theory. Meyer heavily argued for both subjective and objective experiences in studying his patients" experiences. Meyer believed that mental activities were integrated mental and physical functions of the nervous system spearheaded the modern belief that mental illness is physical. Meyer believed that mental reactions were a part of life history in that they recount to a physician a verbal report . Foucault: interdependence between the the individual" and the type" being mediated by the norm". Takes a verbal life story and creates a visual layout of the person compared to. Freud who used the dream to create a verbal diagnosis minus the focus on sexuality.