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University of Guelph
Human Resources and Organizational Behaviour
HROB 2010
Rhonda Gordon

HROB*2010 Text Notes: Chapter Two - Trait Approach TH STUDIES DURING T HE 20 C ENTURY Stogdill (1948) - first survey- -suggested that a leader can be defined by 8 traits  Intelligence  Alertness  Insight  Responsibility  Initiative  Persistence  Confidence  Sociability -these traits must be relevant to the situation in which the leader is functioning Stogdill (1974) -10 characteristics that were positively associated with leadership  Drive for responsibility & task completion  Vigor & persistence in pursuit of goals  Risk taking & originality in problem solving  Drive to exercise initiative in social situations  Self-confidence & sense of personal identity  Willingness to accept consequences of actions  Readiness to absorb interpersonal stress  Willingness to tolerate frustration & delay  Ability to influence other people’s behaviour  Capacity to structure social interaction systems to the purpose at hand Mann (1959) -less emphasis on how situational factors influenced leadership -6 personality traits used to distinguish leaders from nonleaders  Intelligence  Masculinity  Adjustment  Dominance  Extraversion  Conservatism Kirkpatrick and Locke (1991) -leaders are not like other people -6 traits used to distinguish leaders from nonleaders  Drive  Motivation  Integrity  Confidence
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