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Chapter 5

MUSC 2150 Chapter Notes - Chapter 5: Surf Music, Folk Rock, The Beach Boys

Course Code
MUSC 2150
Shannon Carter

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Chapter 5: American Responses
- American artists enthusiastically engaged the British bands, borrowing elements from
both the Beatles and the blues-based groups.
- The Do-It-Yourself mentality of the garage bands would eventually help inspire the
punk movement of the late 1960s and early 1970s.
- The interest in more complex production techniques would find further expression in
the progressive rock on the 1970s.
- Folk rock an obvious response to the British invasion
- The Monkees were an American pop response to the Beatles
Folk Rock
- Bob Dylan one of the most respected pop singers in the USA
- Dylan’s songs began to take a different approach; asking questions to attempt to
understand the world
- Began using electric instruments – met resistance with traditional folk fans, they felt
- “Positively 4th Street” was used as a finger-pointing song towards everyone who felt
betrayed by his electric guitar use
- The Byrds covered “Mr. Tambourine Man” by Dylan – rock version
- Mr. Tambourine Man brings together folk revival, girl groups, surf music, and the
British Invasion
- Simon and Garfunkel transform folk into folk rock with “the Sounds of Silence”
- Mamas and the Papas followed the folk migration westward to Los Angeles; very pop-
American Pop on Both Coasts
- Beatles stormed the U.S. charts in 1964 when they arrived in NYC
- Phil Spector experienced some of his greatest successes
- Beach Boys also continued to have hits, eventually moving away from surf music
- Beatles and Beach Boys both with Capitol Records, making competition even harder
- Brian Wilson, the lead of the Beach Boys, took over production and started staying
home from tour to write music
- Pet Sounds set a new standard for musical sophistication in rock music – would soon
become one of the most influential records of the 60s
- Sonny and Cher; husband and wife duo, hippie fashion
- Johnny Rivers, Gary Lewis and the Playboys
- Rascals, Lovin’ Spoonful
- Four Seasons: Frankie Valli probably the only NY-based act least affected by the
British Invasion
Garage Bands
- Most garage bands only had one hit
- First national garage band hit was “Louie Louie” by the Kingsmen
- Rumor that the song contained foul language because it was so hard to hear
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