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NUTR 2050 (77)
Chapter 10

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NUTR 2050
Simone Holligan

Chapter Ten Toddler and Preschooler NutritionKey Concepts1Children continue to grow and develop physically cognitively and emotionally during the toddler and preschool age adding many new skills rapidly with time2Learning to enjoy new goods and developing feeding skills are important components of this period of increasing independence and exploration3Children have an innate ability to self regulate food intake Parents and caretakers need to provide children nutritious foods and let the children decide how much to eat 4Parents and caretakers have tremendous influence on childrens development of appropriate eating physical activity and other health behaviors and habits formed during the toddler years These lessons are mainly transferred by exampleDefinitions toddlers children between the ages 1 and 3 years Preschool age children between the ages of 3 and 5 Gross Motor Skills Development and use of large muscle groups as exhibited by walking alone running walking up stairs etcFine Motor Skills Development and use of smaller muscle groups demonstrated by stacking scribbling and copying a circle or squareGrowth and Developmentan infants birth weight triples in the first year of lifeon average toddlers gain 8 ounces per monthMeasuring Growth recumbent length measurement of length while the child is lying downstature standing heightThe 2000 CDC Growth Chartsthe growth charts are based on data from cycles 2 and 3 of the National Health and Examination Survey and the National Health and Nutrition Examination Surveysprovide a reference for how children in the US are growing Internet based programs and personal digital assistant devices are available to computer exact growth Body Mass Index an index that correlates with total body fat content or percent body fat and is an acceptable measure of adiposity or body fat in an acceptable measure of adiposity or body fatness in children and adults Calculated by dividing weight in kilograms by the square height in metersvisually aid parents by demonstrating the expected slowing of the growth velocity during the toddler and preschool stage of development Physiological and Cognitive Development
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