Textbook Notes (369,203)
Canada (162,462)
POLS 1150 (37)
Chapter 2

Chapter 2 Summary.docx

3 Pages

Political Science
Course Code
POLS 1150
Carol L Dauda

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
1 POLS 1150 Sept 13, 2013 Chapter 2: The Many Ways of Studying Politics • The study of politics is a science and an art- normative and empirical • Politics as Philosophy: o Has roots in moral/ethical philosophy > looks at ends of human life and reaching goals, acts concerning personal vs. group pleasure. o Asks why of answers to above Q’s > the answers shape our society o Aristotle states humans are political animals:  We are part of a community OR  We make intentional decisions, not instinctive ones > governed by politics (rules and regulations), seeking the “good life” o Rules=what to do/not do, debate over them is normative discourse. Likewise when gov’ts make laws, they discuss the “ends” > certain beliefs lead to different types of gov’t o Normative topics/issues (right vs. wrong) embedded within gov’t : liberty, justice, equality, common good etc.  Terms mean diff. things to diff. people, rules of good reasoning & need for getting along help clear the gray areas. • Politics as Social Science o An empirical method in explaining politics, change from normative due to:  Dissatisfaction of how the philosophical approach explained political world  Combined with other natural sciences (phsyc, soc) to explain politics o Controversy: natural science conducts controlled experiments of which they have practical and ethical limits (dealing with human subjects) o Can’t have nationwide experiments therefore Poli Sci is observational and analytic of government processes > observes the data created by the real world (polls/stats etc.). o Very difficult to generalize Poli Sci explanations, very circumstantial > what works in one area at a particular time may not work elsewhere in different circumstances. o When exploring connection btwn 2 things, there are independent and dependant variables – can guess which is which through common sense. BUT  They may both be dependant variables being influenced by a third independent variable OR 2 POLS 1150 Sept 13, 2013  The independent and dependant variables are really switched and not what we first thought they were.  Human life is overdetermined- generalizations of “if this, therefore that” are unlikely.  Therefore, multivariate analysis developed that looks at multiple variables impacting something. o Electoral systems, review of legislation, role of civil servants, implementing public policy > No Debate, either right or wrong. o Behaviouralism focused on individuals and their behaviour towards institutions/political processes > tried to create law like generalizations b
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.