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POLS 1150 (37)
Chapter 4

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Political Science
POLS 1150
Carol L Dauda

Chapter 4: The Fall and Reluctance Rise of Democracy • Democracy existed in ancient Greek (traditional/charismatic > liberal-consent of the governed) Democracy defined: • Rule of the many (ancient) > rule of the people (today) • Democracy = popular sovereignty, power is with the ruled not the ruler o Today we have representative democracy, spoken on behalf of ppl o Direct democracy: a vote of the majority (referendums, plebiscites) o Participatory democracy. : works in small societies (workplace) not with whole nations • In early times (Aristotle) democracy distrusted: o Charismatic orators can manipulate populace, exercise power without restraint o Democracy can become “tyranny of the majority” where a certain class/majority rule all Liberal Gov’t to Liberal Democracy: • Development of parliament, prime minister and ministers – wealthy landowners, not really democratic • The Reform Act 1832- fair elections, rep. by population, full adult suffrage (ALL adult suffrage took more time- exclusion of property qualification, women, race) • Elected representatives represent their voters, but don’t have no obligations toward them – representative autonomy Assessing Representative Democracy: • Utilitarian- greatest good of the greatest number o J
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