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POLS 2250 (94)
Chapter 9

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Political Science
POLS 2250
Nanita Mohan

Chapter 9: Frameworks, Values, and Bureaucratic Power - Institutional framework  Types of interactions public servants have  1. Relations with an organization, be it a department or crown corporation  2. Relations between an organization and other entities within government  3. Appointed officials dealing with bodies existing outside government o Concept of Power  Power is a relational concept  Useful for describing, and explaining relations between and among organizations, groups, and individuals, between and among governments  Defined: the capacity to secure the dominance of one’s values or goals o Control and influence  Two type of power  Control: form of power in which A has authority to direct or command B  Influence: when B conforms to A’s desires, values, or goals by suggestion, persuasion, emulation, or anticipation, then A excercises influence over B.  Can cause power to flow upward o Internal and external interactions (p.145 chart)  Internal interactions: intradepartmental activities; staff and line officials, deputy ministers carrying out their roles and giving advice to ministers  External within government: interdepartmental, executive-bureaucratic, legislative-bureaucratic, judicial-bureaucratic; other departments and agencies, PM, cabinet, parliament and agents, federal and provincial courts  Horizontal relations: public servants coordinating with counterparts in other organizations  External outside government: intergovernmental, governmental- nongovernmental; provincial/territorial/local governments, pressure groups, media, parties  Relations with other governments  Power can flow in 2 directions - Public service values o Enduring beliefs that influence our attitudes and actions o Neutrality: cannot be value-neutral but can be politically neutral o Accountability: administrative accountability is concern for the legal, institutional and procedural means in which public servants have to answer for their actions o Efficiency and effectiveness:  Economy: acquisition of the appropriate good and service at the best possible price  Effectiveness: measure of the extent to which an activity achieves objectives  Efficiency: ration between input and output, general indicator of the ability of any organization, individual or government to expand scarce resources in the most pr
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