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Canada (161,886)
POLS 2250 (94)
Tim Mau (35)
Chapter 7

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Political Science
POLS 2250
Tim Mau

Chapter 7 Independent Regulatory Services Vincent Fecteau [email protected] - Diverse governmental units at the heart of regulatory activity in Canada - Misunderstood as few citizens come into contact on a regular basis - Lower profile than crown corporations - Tough to generalize regulatory agency as they come in different sizes with different roles Following definition acceptable: - A statutory body charged with the responsibility to administer, fix, establish, control, or regulate an economic activity or market by regularized and established means in the public interest and in accordance with government policy - Must set rules and follow rules to decision - Also public interest is very iffy topic - To add to the definition, economic emphasis is more traditional, compared to new forms of regulation on topics such as culture and environment - Social regulation is aimed at restricting behaviours that directly threaten public well-being. This includes pollution, unsafe work environments - Contrast, economic regulation aimed at keeping competitive labour markets, for goods and services, etc. Major Regulatory Agencies: - Economic, International trade Tribunal, Canadian Transportation Agency, National Energy Board, Standard Councils of Canada - Social Regulation - Canadian Environmental Assessment Agency, Canadian Food Inspection Agency, Human Rights Commission etc. - Sometimes agencies could get blurred, filling both the social and economic aspect FUNCTIONS OF REGULATORY AGENCIES - Again, tough to generalize but 5 commonalities usually seen - 1. Adjudicative: defining function of a regulatory agency, so it is preformed by all regulatory agencies - Both social and economic - Must distinguish regulatory agency from court of law - Usually agencies are much more vague than the court of law - For example: The Federal Competition Bureau makes rulings on matters relating to private markets, while the Canadian Radio – Television and Telecommunications commissions adjudicates disputes regarding Canadian content and broadcasting - 2. Legislative: The ability to make general rules or regulations in the form of delegated legislature that have the force of the law. Some power to give out more specific guidelines - 3. Research: - Employ some to do general research within their field - Allow members to maintain up to day on the current trends - Potential early warnings for policy shift - 4. Advisory - Follows from the research section - As a result of research, staff advises ministers or operators of pos
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