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41- Humanistic Theories.docx

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University of Guelph
PSYC 1000
Benjamin Giguere

HUMANISTIC THEORIES  Humanistic theories: view personality with a focus on the potential for healthy personal growth  Abraham Maslow & Carl Rogers Abraham Maslow’s Self-Actualizing Person  We are motivated by a hierarchy of needs  Having achieved our physiological needs, personal safety sense of security, love and belongings, and self- esteem, we seek self-actualization (one of the ultimate psychological needs that arise after basic physical and psychological needs are met and self-esteem is achieved; the motivation to fulfill one’s potential) and self- transcendence (meaning, purpose, and communion beyond self)  Studied healthy, creative people  People who reached self-actualization shared common characteristics: self-awareness, self-acceptance, open, spontaneous, loving, caring, and not paralyzed by others’ opinions.  Security in identity, interests were problem-centered rather than self-centered  Enjoyed deep relationships rather than superficial ones  Many had been moved by spiritual or personal peak experiences that surpassed ordinary consciousness Carl Rogers’ Person-Centered Perspective  Rogers believed that people are basically good and endowed with self-actualizing tendencies  Unless thwarted by an environment that inhibits growth, each of us is primed for growth and fulfillment  Rogers believed that growth promoting climate required 3 conditions  Genuineness: people are open with their own feelings, drop their facades, and are transparent and self- disclosing  Acceptance: offer
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