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Chapter O, P

PSYC 2040 Chapter Notes - Chapter O, P: Panic Disorder, Paranoid Personality Disorder, Sleepwalking


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2040
Professor
Dan Meegan
Chapter
O, P

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observational learning
- type of learning that does not require direct experience; rather, an organism can
learn by observing what happens to another organism and later imitating the
other organism’s behaviour (also known as modelling)
obsessions
- recurrent intrusive thoughts or impulses the client seeks to suppress or neutralize
while recognizing they are not imposed by outside forces
obsessive-compulsive disorder (OCD)
- an anxiety disorder involving unwanted, persistent, intrusive thoughts and
impulses as well as repetitive actions intended to suppress them
obsessive-compulsive personality disorder
- cluster C (anxious or fearful) personality disorder featuring a pervasive pattern of
preoccupation with orderliness, perfectionism, and mental and interpersonal
control at the expense of flexibility, openness, and efficiency
opiates
- addictive psychoactive substances such as heroin, opium, and morphine that
cause temporary euphoria and analgesia (pain reduction)
opioid-related disorders
- cognitive, biological, behavioural, and social problems associated with the use
and abuse of opiates and their synthetic variants
orgasmic reconditioning
- learning procedure to help clients strengthen appropriate patterns of sexual
arousal by pairing appropriate stimuli with the pleasurable sensations of
masturbation
other drugs of abuse
- other substances that are abused but do not fit into typical categories; include
inhalants (e.g., airplane glue), anabolic steroids, and other over-the-counter and
prescription medications (e.g., nitrous oxide)
pain catastrophizing
- an exaggerated negative response during an actual or anticipated painful
experience
- catastrophizers ruminate on and magnify the pain, and they often feel helpless in
the face of the pain
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