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Chapter 3

PSYC 2310 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Fundamental Attribution Error, Individualism, Proverb

7 pages50 viewsWinter 2014

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 2310
Professor
John Walsh
Chapter
3

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Lecture 3 - Tuesday, January 14, 2014
CH. 3 – SELF ACROSS CULTURE
Your culture makes you who you are
A classic joke:
oIn Britain everything is permitted except that which is forbidden
oIn Germany everything is forbidden except that which is permitted
oAnd in France everything is permitted even that which is forbidden
Definition of culture
There is not one definition of a culture
Culture comprises (1) the human-made part of the environment and (2) the social
institutions of the society such as norms, rules, and laws.
Shared understanding and values
Some of the norms and rules that exist in Canada that reflects its culture:
oLaws on homosexuality
oThe way we interact with out children or the way we teach
Not only is your culture around you but it’s part of who you are
Where is culture?
oCulture is in the heads of its members
oCulture changes through generations because the values and norms shift
through generations
Culture imposes a set of values
Culture shapes out experiences.
o“in some cultures, I would be considered normal.”
when you step outside of your culture you realize how different you are from
others
oecology shapes cultures
oecology -> culture -> social behavior
sameness vs. differences
there are universal behavior and experiences:
osmiling is universal
ointimacy exist in every culture, people have similar understanding of what
it is about
osocial greetings
oburying the dead
osympathy and empathy are basically universal
oemotions
there are cultural difference in practicing social behavior and interpreting
experiences (not language)
oexample: religion, food (people across the global need to it, but what do
we eat, when do we eat and how we eat varies from culture), marriage, etc.
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oreligion is the reflection of attitude - for example having children when
you are not married (Indian vs. Iceland)
oin North America you get married to one person where as in other
countries it is acceptable to have more than one wife
oThe Cameroon example guys father dies, he inherits everything that
belonged to his father including his fathers wives and if they were in the
child bearing age, he was to mate with them. It may seem strange to N.A
but it is tradition for them, part of their culture.
Humans are more similar to one another than different
Who am I?
Self Concept -> Independent self I like dogs, I believe in peace, I smoke stud,
I’ma dreamer, I play guitar
Interdependent self (how you connect with others) -> I’m the only child, I’m a
psychology major, I’m Buddhist, I am Japanese, I live with my parents
Your uniqueness comes first
In North American…
Self: Starting with anecdotes
In America, “the squeaky wheel gets the grease.”
oYou want to stand out
oIn N.A they say eat your food, there are people around the world who are
starving not eat bla
In Japan, “the nail that stand out gets pounded down.”
oIt is not good to stand out, you need to be a unit with everyone else. Do
not draw attention to yourself
oIf you don’t eat your food, think of the poor man who made this rice. If
you don’t eat it, his effort would be wasted and you should do your part to
eat. You are not appreciating the farmers effort.
One valuing the difference and the other emphasizing fitting in
“It is good to know the truth, but better to speak to the palm trees” Arab proverb
“Say what you mean and what you say” American proverb
Investigation of personal ads
28 Single white male, 6’1, 160 lbs. Handsome, artistic, ambitious, seeks attractive
white female, 24 – 29, for friendship, romance ad permanent partnership.
oVs.
Gujarati Vaishnav parents invite correspondence from never married Gujararit
well settled, preferably green card holder from respectable family for green card
holder daughter 29 years, 5’ 4”, good looking, doing CPA
Independent Vs. Interdependent
Self is autonomous vs. self is connected with other
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