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PSYC*2650 Ch 5

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University of Guelph
PSYC 2650
Anneke Olthof

Saturday Jan 26 2013Chapter 5 The Acquisition of Memories and the WorkingMemory Systembefore there can be a memory some learning must occurnew information must be acquired Acquisition should be our first topicthen once information has been acquired it must be held in memory until it is needed this is the Storage phasefinally we used the information that is in memory we remember information that is somehow found in the vast warehouse that is memory and brought into active use is called Retrievalwhat is good learning depends on how the memory is to be used later on so that good preparation for one kind of use may be poor preparation for a different kind of useacquisition cannot be separated from storage because how you learn depends heavily on what you already knowThe Route Into Memoryfor many years theorizing in cognitive psychology was guided by a perspective known as Information Processingcomplex mental events such a learning remembering or deciding actually involve a large number of discrete stepsthese steps occur one by one each with its own characteristics and its own Jo to do and with each providing as its output the input to the next step in the sequenceSaturday Jan 26 2013a great deal of informationprocessing theory focused on the processes through which information was detected recognized and entered into memory storyon the process of information acquisitionthere was reasonable consensus on the bold outline of eventsthe Modal ModelThe Modal Modelour information processing involves different kinds of memory 2 of which are shortterm memory and longterm memoryShortTerm Memoryholds onto information currently in use limited in how much it can hold information is instantly and easily available to youWorking Memorya term emphasizes the function of shortterm memoryvirtually all mental tasks rely on working memory because virtually all mental tasks involve inputs or sequences of steps that are stretched out in timethat creates a shortlived memory demandyou need to hang on to the early parts of the input or the early steps while youre working on what comes nextworking memory provides a mental desk spacea resource that lets you hang onto ideas images and memories LongTerm Memory LTMcontains all of the information you remember all of the information that youre not thinking about right nowthere is a close association between working memory and the contents of your currents thinking but there is no such associated for longterm memorythe process of retrieving information from LTM often requires some hunting and can sometimes be effortful and slowWorking Memory and LongTerm Memory One Memory or Twoparticipants are read words and immediately after the last word they are asked to repeat back as many words as the can in any orderFree Recallpeople usually remember 1215 words out of 30 and show a consistent pattern they are extremely likely to remember the first few words on the list known as the Primacy Effect and they are also likely to remember the last few words the Recency Effect
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