2650 Chapter 1: PSYCH 2650 CHAPTER 1
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Tuesday, January 13, 2015
Chapter 1: Science of the Mind
The Scope of Cognitive Psychology
-understood as the study of knowledge
with these questions: how knowledge is acquired? how is knowledge retained so that
it’s available when needed? How is knowledge used - based on solving problems or for
basic decision making.
-a huge range of our actions, thoughts, and feelings depend on knowledge.
ex: Betsy and Jacob Story - her piggy bank. -> suggests that many and perhaps all of
our encounters with the world depend on how your supplementing your experience with
knowledge that you bring to the situation.
-do not forget that each of us has a conception of who we are, and of what sort of
person we are along with that the conception is supported by our previous memories.
ex; knowing we deserve a reward for our behaviour or keeping your promises.
it is also sometimes deﬁned as the scientiﬁc study of acquisition and retention. we know
see that knowledge is part of a lot of other concerns -> for ex: emotional adjustments,
memories, ordinary cases suggesting that cognitive psychology can help us understand
the capacities relevant to every moment of our lives.
A Brief History
-this scope is about 50 years old as the revolution took place across the 1950’s and
60’s representing the change of research used by most psychologists
The Years of Introspection
-Titcherner launched the new enterprise of research psychology which is separate
from biology and philosophy.
-in their view, the study of the conscious mental events - ﬁndings , perceptions and
-they concluded that the only way to study thoughts is to introspect - “look within” - it is
not causal and by nature has its limitations because we cannot know anything about
someone’s unconscious thoughts.
-we have no way of examining these processes, as there has to be a way to test these
claims and we have no way of asserting the true ones from the false ones and no
way of locating our facts and the testability is often unattainable.
-for science we need raw data and in this case, this is something we do not have and
it is not objective.
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