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PSYC 2740 (174)
Chapter 19

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PSYC 2740
Stephen Lewis

Chapter 19 Concept of disorder - a psychological disorder is a pattern of behaviour or experience that is distressing and painful to the person, that elads to disability or impairment in important life domains and that is associated with increased risk for further suffering, loss of function, death or confinement - a personality disorder is an enduring pattern ofexperience and behaviour that differs greatly from the expectations of the individuals culture - the categorical view of disorders is the dominant approach in psychiatry and clinical psychology - the dimensional view sees disorders through a continuum ranging from normality at one end to severe disability or disturbance at the other Specific personality disorders - antisocial personality disorder: if a child exhibits no signs of conduct problems by age 16 it is unlikely that they will develop this disorder. Repeated lying, impulsivity, easily irritated, recklessness, irresponsibility, lack of remorse are all features of apd - the lives of persons with borderline personality disorder are marked by instability (intense, emotional and violent relationships), fears of abandonment, aggressiveness, self-mutilating behaviour, shifting views of themselves, strong emotions - histrionic personality disorder involves excessive attention seeking and emotionality; sexually provactiveness, shallow opinions, strong emotions in public, suggestible, easily swayed, desperate need for attention - narcissistic personality disorder involves the strong need to be admired, strong sense of self importance, lack of insight into other peoples feelings, entitlement, sense of superiority, the narcissistic paradox is that even tho narcissistics have high self-esteem, their grandiose self-esteem is actually very fragile. They also have the inability to recognize the needs or desires of others and are very envious of others - schizoid or schiozotypal personality disorder involve low grade nonpsychotic symptoms of schizophrenia; schizoid personality is detached from normal social relations, they have no desire for intimate relationships or friendships and get little pleasure from bodily or sensory experiences, they appear inept or socially clumsy, passive/schizotyp
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