PSYC 2740 Chapter 3: SOC 2080 WINSON CHAPTER 3

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SOC 2080
Chapter 3: The CCF: A Lasting Political Vehicle
-the analysis of the weakness of the agrarian movement that might bring it success
were both to be found among the radical elements of the rural Prairie farming
community.
-they had an ability to move from the realm of analysis to the realm of concrete
implementation of strategies for change. -
-once again they turned to the idea of building a political party - informed by a
profound critique of the existing order. the objective was to radically reform the
existing social order.
The Impact of Depression, Drought, and Agrarian Radicalism
-during this time of transitory prosperity there were still a few agrarians leaders who
refused to be killed by the economic climate into state of passivity.
-E.A Partridge was actively criticized the limitations of prairie capitalism and
campaigning to replace Canada’s capitalist economy with a cooperate commonly to
end the costly ward of clashing vocationalism interests.
-by the end of the 1920’s, this agitation had led to a demand by the UFC leaders that
the three provincial wheat pools take on 100% of the wheat marketed in Canada
instead of the current 60% level. they felt this control was necessary if the producers
were ever going to take the power of determining the price pf wheat away from the
speculation of grain trade.
-the proposal was initially resisted. -> between the year of 1929 and 1930 when the
price of wheat went into a free fall from its high of 1,50$ to 38c. by 1932.
-the collapse of the world wheat prices left the three pools in dangerous financial
situations, because their initial payments to farmers for the 1929 crop had been far
higher than justified by the falling world price. with the banks clamouring at the door,
the pools leadership was scrambling to get concessions from the federal gov. to stave
off disaster.
-by this time as well the wheat pools had been forced, in return for federal assistance,
to shut down their central selling agencies offices abroad and return to the disliked
system of selling through private middleman. they had 13 million dollar debt.
-the plight of the wheat pools and the collapse of their marketing agency brought into
relief the radicals warnings about the weakness of cooperative organizations as long
as the wider economy continued to be organized along the lines of private market
relations and trying to achieve the state of true co-operative enterprise but it would be
!1
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Thursday, January 22, 2015
held up to the dictates of the private banks and other institutions run on the profit
motive.
-the people first principle of cooperative would remain a dream but this did have a
fertile ground among those of the west as the twin forces of natural disasters as those
economic ones began to drive vast numbers of farmers into the hands of the banks
and foreclosure. -> saskachewan and alberta incomes felt by 72 and 61%
-the reality of disastrous wheat prices and drought compounded by plagues of
grasshoppers and the spread of wheat rust whenever the drought eased off
continued year after year in the prairies.
-the economy did not bounce back in this era of the laissez-faire policy. although the
conservative bennet continued that traditional policy of leaving the role regenerating
the economy to private capital, trusting wages would be eventually be forced down so
far that there would once be attractive investment opportunities.
-however, the hypothetical shift toward full employment remained a dream for most of
the decade. in 1937, some two thirds of the rural population were place on gov. relief
roles. the boxcars f food and clothing that had been shipped had been supplemented
by federal gov.
-by the late 1930’s, the provincial gov. had became all but a ward of the federal gov so
weak were the possibilities of raising revenues in the province. as deficits
accumulated, borrowing outside from private sources became impossible.
-the depression of wheat prices affected practically all farms but those in the south
regions were the hardest hit by the drought which lasted for years and the topsoil
being blown away. saskahewan wheat farms typically supplied their families with
40-50 per cent of their food requirements straight from the fields. with this year after
year became impossible.
-farmers starved for cash incomes and were forced to give up what were essential
basic necessities in the isolated circumstances of the prairies such as telephones and
cars by 1930 and 1934. they couldn’t provide schooling, wages, suitable clothes.
-the first calamity in which they suffered was drought. there only thread at the time
was their cows and cream sold for almost nothing. the role of the national progressive
party was notable as it helped to break down the rural allegiance to the two traditional
parties of the canadian political scene.
-the experience of this progressive movement tried had established the precedent of
looking for a third party for remedial legislation, largely because of the deeply
implanted belief that the old line parties were corrupted and had been captured by the
east.
-Walter Young argues that the importance was to discourage the cannibalism and with
independent far and urban labour organization that formed in the 1920’s under the
influence of socialist orientation leadership. -> influence from the states, radical
farmers of alberta, radical wing (jj morisson) UFO but became nasty on the prairies
!2
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Thursday, January 22, 2015
The Coopeartive Commonwhealth Federation
-became the gov. party in saskatchewan.
-an important develop had occurred in 1921, when a group of the most militant
farmers some with experience in the labour marker had split from saskatchewan grain
growers association. this group that cam to be called the farmers union had led the
drive for the formation of the saskachewan wheat pool and been a constant critic of
the close relationship of some of the leaders in the grain growers with the liberals.
-by 1926, the united farmers had fused with sgga to form UFOC. -> the group
conceived itself as vanguard movement that would drive to steer the agrarian forces
in a progressive direction through grassroots educational work.
-the socialist elements of the new movement came to be widely accepted as leaders,
most likely because of the failure of earlier strategies to advance farmers interests
notably co-operative organizations limited to the economic level and attempts to
influence the old line ruling parties through political pressure.
-Woodsworth: was in short a unique political figure in that he was trust by both the
farmers and labourer and by 1930 he had behind a long and distinguished
parliamentary record defending their causes. he had more radical views.
-the leadership of various labour parties in the west was pushing to coordinate efforts
through a series of conferences bringing together the urban left wing forces and
proving a point of contact for the farmers organization. -> the conferences were
significant because they had the opportunity to hammer out labour platforms to deal
with the immediate economic crisis and a program to confront the perceived
inequities and injustices in the capitalist system.
-the conference ask deserved much of the credit for forming the CCF and forming the
league for social reconstruction -> there intention was to fashion an organization,
much like the british fabian society or league for industrial democracy in the US that
could provide the context for the develop and spread the ideas of programmatic that
would turn contribute the develop of a new class oriented party.
-while the LRS did not affiliate with the CCF they had a close relationship set out to
distinguish themselves from the two traditional parties and the LRS gave legitimacy to
the CCF.
-last but not lead, saskatchewan leaders came together to have a convention to form
a national movement
!3
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