PSYC 3020 Chapter Notes -False Confession, Forensic Psychology, Forensic Pathology

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Published on 12 Apr 2013
School
University of Guelph
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3020
Professor
Psychology of Law Key Terms
Chapter 1: An Introduction to Forensic Psychology
- Forensic Psychology: A field of psychology that deals with all
aspects of human behaviour as it relates to the law or legal system
- Clinical forensic psychologists: Psychologists who are broadly
concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental health
issues as they pertain to the law or legal system
- Other issues that clinical forensic psychologists are interested in
may include, but are not limited to, the following:
o ¦ Divorce and child custody mediation
o ¦ Determinations of criminal responsibility ( insanity)
and fitness to stand trial
o ¦ Providing expert testimony on questions of a
psychological nature
o ¦ Personnel selection ( e. g., for law enforcement
agencies) ¦ Conducting critical incident stress
debriefings with police officers
o ¦ Designing and conducting treatment programs for
offenders
- Forensic anthropology. Forensic anthropologists examine the
remains of deceased victims to determine key facts about them,
such as their gender, age, and appearance.
- ¦ Forensic linguistics. Forensic linguists examine the spoken and
written word in an attempt to assist criminal investigators.
- Forensic chemistry. Forensic chemists study the chemical aspects
of crime scenes, which can include an analysis of paint particles,
dyes, fibres, and other materials.
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- Forensic ondontology. Forensic ondontologists study the dental
aspects of criminal activity, which can include identifying
deceased victims through dental records
- ¦ Forensic pathology. Forensic pathologists examine the remains
of dead bodies in an attempt to determine the time and cause of
death through physical autopsy.
- ¦ Forensic entomology. Forensic entomologists are concerned with
how insects can assist with criminal investigations. For example,
they can help to determine when someone died based on an
analysis of insect presence ( e. g., different types of insects will be
present on a corpse at different points in time) and/ or insect
development
- Experimental forensic psychologists: Psychologists who are
broadly concerned with the study of human behaviour as it relates
to the law or legal system
- THE RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN PSYCHOLOGY AND LAW
o Psychology and the law: The use of psychology to
examine the operation of the legal system
o Psychology in the law: The use of psychology in
the legal system as that system operates
o Psychology of the law: The use of psychology to
examine the law itself
- THE HISTORY OF FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY
o Eye witness; Shortly after Binet’s study, a German
psychologist named William Stern also began
conducting studies examining the suggestibility of
witnesses ( Ceci & Bruck, 1993). The ― reality
experiment‖ that is now commonly used by
eyewitness researchers to study eyewit-ness recall
and recognition can in fact be attributed to Stern.
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o
o
- ADVOCATES OF EARLY FORENSIC PSYCHOLOGY IN THE
NORTH
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Document Summary

Forensic psychology: a field of psychology that deals with all aspects of human behaviour as it relates to the law or legal system. Clinical forensic psychologists: psychologists who are broadly concerned with the assessment and treatment of mental health issues as they pertain to the law or legal system. Forensic anthropologists examine the remains of deceased victims to determine key facts about them, such as their gender, age, and appearance. Forensic linguists examine the spoken and written word in an attempt to assist criminal investigators. Forensic chemists study the chemical aspects of crime scenes, which can include an analysis of paint particles, dyes, fibres, and other materials. Forensic ondontologists study the dental aspects of criminal activity, which can include identifying deceased victims through dental records. Forensic pathologists examine the remains of dead bodies in an attempt to determine the time and cause of death through physical autopsy. Forensic entomologists are concerned with how insects can assist with criminal investigations.

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