Textbook Notes (367,757)
Canada (161,373)
Psychology (3,330)
PSYC 3110 (51)
Chapter 2

Health- Chapter 2.docx

4 Pages
52 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 3110
Professor
Kieran O' Doherty
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 2, pg. 26-39 Population Growth  Population in 2010- 6.8 billion  Predicted to increase to 9 billion by 2045 o Increase of 1% per year  Most populous region is China o 1.3 billion people in 2008 o 20% of people on earth o 1979- a one child policy was created to keep the population at 1.2 billion o By 2020 the population is predicted to be 1.4 billion  India will pass china with population of 1.5 billion by 2040 o Fertility rate is 2.8 o Increasing numbers of people will live in poverty due to an increase in demand and shortage of supply  Abstinence is the only form of birth control in South America and Africa o Adds to population growth, poverty, and HIV/AIDS  Fertility is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa o AIDS is maximum o Poorest region in the world o Highest number of Roman Catholics Increasing Life Expectancy  Increasing because of decreases in infant and adult mortality from disease  Britain: o 75 for men o 80 for women  In 2010, men can average 10 years of pensioned retirement o Women approximately 20 years  Expected increase to 100 years of life expectancy by 2060 o Increasing 3 months every year  Social, health, and pension systems will be difficult to maintain once life expectancy increases Poverty  Approximately 5.5 billion people are living in developing countries  1 billion people are living on less than $1 a day o 1/7 people  Poverty- level of income below that people cannot afford a minimum, nutritionally adequate diet and non-food requirements o Half the population lacks medical care and essential drugs  Impacts of poverty caused by: o Safe water o Environmental sanitation o Adequate diet o Secure housing o Basic education o Income generating opportunities o Access to medication and health care  Most common outcomes are infectious diseases, malnutrition, and reproductive hazards  Major killer- acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) o 6 million people in developing countries who had AIDS/HIV and needed treatment  Economic growth- rate of increase in the total production of foods and services in an economy o Increases employment, stimulate business, and innovation o Difficult to achieve in countries with poor health and education is low  Gross national income (GNI)- value of goods and services produced in a country over a year o Indicator in measuring growth  Sub-Saharan Africans is the worst health in the world o 2/3 live in absolute poverty o More than half lack safe water o 70% are without proper sanitation o 40 million children are not in primary school o Infant mortality is 55% higher than in other low income countries o Average life expectancy is 51 o Malaria and tuberculosis is increasing Inequalities within a country  Determinants of health o Poverty o Housing o Water o Sewage o Envir
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 3110

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit