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PSYC 3110 (51)
Chapter 2

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PSYC 3110
Kieran O' Doherty

Chapter 2, pg. 26-39 Population Growth  Population in 2010- 6.8 billion  Predicted to increase to 9 billion by 2045 o Increase of 1% per year  Most populous region is China o 1.3 billion people in 2008 o 20% of people on earth o 1979- a one child policy was created to keep the population at 1.2 billion o By 2020 the population is predicted to be 1.4 billion  India will pass china with population of 1.5 billion by 2040 o Fertility rate is 2.8 o Increasing numbers of people will live in poverty due to an increase in demand and shortage of supply  Abstinence is the only form of birth control in South America and Africa o Adds to population growth, poverty, and HIV/AIDS  Fertility is highest in Sub-Saharan Africa o AIDS is maximum o Poorest region in the world o Highest number of Roman Catholics Increasing Life Expectancy  Increasing because of decreases in infant and adult mortality from disease  Britain: o 75 for men o 80 for women  In 2010, men can average 10 years of pensioned retirement o Women approximately 20 years  Expected increase to 100 years of life expectancy by 2060 o Increasing 3 months every year  Social, health, and pension systems will be difficult to maintain once life expectancy increases Poverty  Approximately 5.5 billion people are living in developing countries  1 billion people are living on less than $1 a day o 1/7 people  Poverty- level of income below that people cannot afford a minimum, nutritionally adequate diet and non-food requirements o Half the population lacks medical care and essential drugs  Impacts of poverty caused by: o Safe water o Environmental sanitation o Adequate diet o Secure housing o Basic education o Income generating opportunities o Access to medication and health care  Most common outcomes are infectious diseases, malnutrition, and reproductive hazards  Major killer- acquired immune deficiency syndrome (AIDS) o 6 million people in developing countries who had AIDS/HIV and needed treatment  Economic growth- rate of increase in the total production of foods and services in an economy o Increases employment, stimulate business, and innovation o Difficult to achieve in countries with poor health and education is low  Gross national income (GNI)- value of goods and services produced in a country over a year o Indicator in measuring growth  Sub-Saharan Africans is the worst health in the world o 2/3 live in absolute poverty o More than half lack safe water o 70% are without proper sanitation o 40 million children are not in primary school o Infant mortality is 55% higher than in other low income countries o Average life expectancy is 51 o Malaria and tuberculosis is increasing Inequalities within a country  Determinants of health o Poverty o Housing o Water o Sewage o Envir
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