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PSYC 3480 (71)
Chapter 23

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PSYC 3480
Anneke Olthof

Chapter 23 - Perfectionism  "Perfectionism is not about doing one's best, or about pursing excellence; it's about the emotional conviction that perfection is the only route to personal acceptance. It is the emotional conviction that by being perfect, one can finally be acceptable as a person,"- Tom Greenspon  Athletes are ambitious, adaptive, committed, and driven by desire to succeed and enjoy attainment of difficult goals, even though errors recognized as inevitable o Unlike negative perfectionist who plays to avoid losing, both uncertainty and success accepted by positive perfectionist who plays to achieve The Negative Perfectionist  Can experience anxiety, depression, and emotional distress when their performance falls short of personal standards  Pressure put on teammates to meet perfectionist's standards can ruin player-player relationships and undermine team cohesion  Dysfunctional perfectionists are energy-takers not energy-givers o Teammates begin to feel less positive about themselves knowing they can’t measure up to standards of perfectionist  Perfectionist consistently employs high self-criticism - good is not good enough!  In extreme cases, push to be perfect can result in maladaptive behaviors (e.g. steroids, eating disorders, quitting sport) o Dysfunctional perfectionism is need to be perfect, fear and anxiety you will fall short, and belief you will not be socially accepted without perfection Sources of Maladaptation  Growing up in home with high parental expectations and criticism, child learns he is valued for achievement  Unhealthy or maladaptive perfectionism can be linked to depression, obsessive-compulsive disorder, high anxiety, addiction, and eating disorders  Athlete can exper
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