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PSYC 3480 (67)
Chapter 9

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University of Guelph
PSYC 3480
Anneke Olthof

Chapter 9 - Burnout  "Burnout leads to accidents, arguments, breaks relationships and costs the bottom line." - Ellen Kossek  Athletic burnout is a syndrome characterized by physical exhaustion (e.g., fatigue, lack of energy, sleep disturbance), emotional disturbances (e.g., mood swings, less vigor, and greater susceptibility to illness and injury), and cognitive changes in perspective (such as perceived helplessness and devaluation of the sport and one's contribution to the team)  Attributed to constant and excessive pressure to succeed and win o Coaches have persistent pressure to succeed in a system in which failure can be recurrent and satisfaction short-lived. The need to answer to management, to meet the expectations of athletes, to appease disgruntled parents, and to satisfy social demands and family responsibilities while maintaining best effort to coaching responsibilities, all contribute to burnout  Demands of the sporting environment can exceed the athlete's personal resources. Common outcomes include emotional and cognitive exhaustion, loss of motivation, passion, commitment, and decreased self-esteem o For young athletes, burnout may lead to withdrawal from the sport before they achieve competitive success and feelings of competency  Overtraining has recognized harmful effects o No evidence-based guidelines to determine how much athletic training is too much. Symptoms of overtraining and indicators of too much stress can be seen in athletes' physical, mental, and emotional behaviors o For young athletes, physiological dangers from overtraining involving repetitive stress without
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