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Chapter 3

SOAN 2120 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Nuremberg Code, Milgram Experiment

Sociology and Anthropology
Course Code
SOAN 2120
William Walters

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Chapter 3
Ethics: include the concerns, dilemmas and conflicts that arise over the proper way
to conduct research. They help define what is or what is not legitament to do
(morals) research procedure involves.
Few absolutes
Only agreed-upon broad principles
Must balance two values
The Pursuit of Knowledge
Rights of research participants or of others in society
Social researchers balance benefits with potential costs (strict)
Why Be Ethical?
Even though ethical researchers get few rewards/wins with no praise,
unethical researchers, if caught, face public humiliation, a ruined career and
possible legal action.
Scientific Misconduct
Occurs when a researcher falsifies or distorts the data or the methods of data
collection, or plagiarizes the work of others
Research Fraud: when a researcher fakes or invents data that he or she did
not really collect, or sails to honestly report how he or she conducted a study.
Unethical But Legal
Copying and publishing something with no original copyright is not illegal,
just unethical
Legal Ethical Ethical
Yes No
Yes Moral and Legal Legal but Immoral
No Illegal but Moral Immoral and Illegal
Power Relations
Researcher and their team have power over their participants
In terms of ethical guidance there are numerous resources
Professional colleagues
Ethical advisory committees
Institutional review boards
Human subjects committees at a college or institution
Codes of ethics by professional associations
Writings on ethics in research
Physical Harm, Psychological Abuse and Legal Jeopardy
Physical Harm
3-5% involve possible harm accidentally
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