Textbook Notes (362,755)
Canada (158,052)
Sociology (1,110)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 8

Chapter 8 Sociology Notes

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University of Guelph
SOC 1100
Linda Gerber

SexualitySocietyUnderstanding Sexuality Sexuality is not just about having sex Sex industry porn prostitution etc is a multibillion dollar industrySex A Biological IssueSex refers to the biological distinction between femalesmales Sex is way human reproduce female ovum male sperm each contain 23 pairs of chromosomes Spermovum combine to form a fertilized embryo Mother contributes X and father contributes X or YXXFemale XY malefather determines sex of child About 105 boys are born for every 100 girls but a higher death rate among males gives females a slight majority by time people reach mid 30s Sexthe Body Differences in the body set malesfemales apart right from birth2 sexes have diff primary sex characteristics the genitals organs used for reproduction At puberty as people reach sexual maturity additional sex differentiation takes place Secondary Sex Characteristics bodily development apart from the genitals That distinguishes biologically mature femalesmales Eg females wider hips for giving birthmales have muscle in upper body Gender and sex a re NOT the same thing Gender is an element of culture that refers to personal traits and patters of behaviour responsibilities opportunities and privilegesIntersexual PeopleIntersexual people refers to people whose bodies including genitals have both femalemale characteristic hermaphrodite True hermaphrodite has female ovary and male testisPokot people in South Africa pay little attention to what they consider biological error and look on intersexual people with awe seeing in them full potential of both male and femaleTransexualsTransexuals people who feel they are one sex even though biologically they are the otherGeneder Reassignment surgical alteration of genitals usually accompanied by hormone treatmentsThe Boy Who Was Raised as a Girl Physician accidentally burned off one of the twins penis while performing circumcision Parents decided to surgically change boys sex and raise him as a girl The twin boy and now girl wereraised according to cultural definitionsGender Identity traits that females and males guided by culture incorporate into their personalities Boy thought masculine terms girl thought in femine terms Girl started to show masculine traits such as wanting to gain dominance among her peers BY age 14 the girl was teased for her boyish looks and behaviour and became suicidal and refused to keep living as a girl Turned back into man Surgery hormonetreatments etcSex A Cultural IssueCultural Variation Alfred Kinsley found that most heterosexual couples reported having sex in a single way face to face woman under the manHalf way around the world in the South Seas had NEVER had sex this way Francehere kiss in public Chinese only kiss in private In china few people have sex before they marry In Canada many have sex before marriagewo strong commitmentThe Incest TabooIncest Taboo a norm forbidding sexual relations or marriage between certain relatives In Canada first cousin marriage is permitted Reproduction between close relatives of any species raises the odds of producing offspring with genetic diseases Controlling sexuality among relatives is a necessary element of social organization
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