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Sociology (1,112)
SOC 1100 (295)
Chapter 3

Chapter 3 Notes

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOC 1100
Professor
Deanna Behnke- Cook
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 3 Notes Culture What is CultureCulture the ways of thinking the ways of acting and the material objects that together shape a peoples way of life Nonmaterical Culture the ideas created by members of a society Material Culture the physically things created by members of a society Culture shock personal disorientation when experiencing an unfamiliar way of lifeno way of life is natural to humanity although some people view their own behavior as that wayonly humans rely on culture rather than on instinct to create a way of life and ensure survival Culture and Human Intelligence 12 million years ago humans were set apart from apes12 000 years ago founding of permanent settlement and creation of specialized occupations birth of civilizationhumans no longer lived by biological instincts but by a more efficient survival scheme changing the natural environment to benefit themselves Culture Nation State and Society nation is commonly used to refer to a political entity state or country also refers to people who share a culture ancestry or historystate is a political entity in a territory with designated borderssociety refers to organized interaction of people within a nation sate or other boundary who share a cultureThe Elements of Culturesymbolbs Language values and norms Symbols anything that carries a particular meaning recognized by people who share cultureculture shock occurs in two ways what the traveller experiences and what the traveller inflicts on others by acting in ways that might offend themallow people to make sense of their lives and without them human existence would be meaningless manipulating symbols correctly allows us to engage others within our own cultural system Language the key to the world of culture is a system of symbols that allows people to communicate with one another Cultural Transmission the process by which one generation passes culture to the nexteach language has words or expression with no precise counterparts in other languages SapirWhorf hypothesis states that people perceive the world through the cultural lens of language
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