Chapter 13- Gender Stratification
- Sex and gender are not the same thing
- Gender: how are you suppose to behave according to your physiology- a
social construct of what the world expects
- Sex: chromosomes, male or female
Gender: personal traits and social positions that members of a society attach to
being male or female.
Gender stratification: the unequal distribution of wealth, power and privilege
between men and women.
- Differences in abilities reflect both biology and socialization
- Athletics have a smaller gap
Patriarchy: a form of social organization in which males dominate females
Matriarchy: a form of social organization in which females dominate males
Sexism: belief that ne sex innately superior to the other
- Limits ambitions of women
- Masculinity is linked to suicide, violence and stress- looses in intimacy and
Gender roles: attitudes and activities that a society links to each sex
Gender and the family: treats men as independent and women as cooperative
Gender and the peer group: young children have single-sex play groups
MEMORIZE SLIDE 11.