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SOC 3750 (50)
Chapter 1-6

SOC 3750 Chapter 1-6: CHAPTER 1 TO CHAPTER 6

23 Pages

Course Code
SOC 3750
Patrick Parnaby

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1 PERSONALITY TEXTBOOK NOTES TERM ONE CHAPTER ONE Features of personality make people different from one another, and these features usually take the form of adjectives Trait descriptive adjectives: Adjectives that can be used to describe characteristics of people. PERSONALITY The set of psychological traits and mechanisms within the individual that are organized and relatively enduring and that influence his or her actions with, and adaptations to, the intrapsychich, physical, and social environments. Psychological traits: characteristics that describe ways in which people are different from each other. Traits also define ways in which people are similar to others. Traits describe the average tendencies of a person. Research on personality traits asks 4 kinds of questions: 1. How many traits are there? 2. How are the traits organized? 3. What are the origins of traits? 4. What are the correlations and consequences of traits? Psychological traits are useful for at least 3 reasons: 1. They help describe people and help understand the dimensions of difference among people. 2. They help explain behaviour. 3. They help predict future behaviour. Psychological mechanisms: process of personality that involves informationprocessing activities. Most psychological mechanisms have 3 essential ingredients: 1. Inputs. 2. Rules. 3. Outputs. A psychological mechanism may make people more sensitive to certain kinds of information from the environment, more likely to think about specific options and guide their behaviour toward certain actions. Within the individual: means that personality is something a person carries with him or herself over time and from one situation to the next. The important sources of personality reside within the individual, and hence are at least somewhat stable over time and consistent over situations. Organized: Personality is organized because the mechanisms and traits are linked to one another in a coherent fashion. Our personalities are organized in the sense that they contain decision rules that govern which needs are activated depending on the circumstances. Enduring over time: personality traits are consistent over situations. Influential forces of personality: personality traits and mechanisms can have an effect on peoples lives. Personality influences how we act, view ourselves, think about the world, interact with others and the environment,
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