ANTH 1220 Chapter Notes - Chapter 8: Unilineality, Patrilineality, Putting-Out System

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Kinship: a sense of being related to another person or persons. Kinship system: the predominant form of kin relationships in a culture and the kinds of behavior involved. Kinship diagram: a schematic way of presenting data on kinship relationships of an individual (called (cid:862)ego(cid:863)(cid:895) depi(cid:272)ti(cid:374)g all of ego"s relati(cid:448)es, as re(cid:373)e(cid:373)(cid:271)ered (cid:271)(cid:455) ego a(cid:374)d reported to the a(cid:374)thropologist. Genealogy: a re(cid:272)ord of a perso(cid:374)"s relati(cid:448)es (cid:272)o(cid:374)stru(cid:272)ted (cid:271)egi(cid:374)(cid:374)i(cid:374)g (cid:449)ith the earliest ancestors. Descent: the tracing of kinship relationships through parentage. Wester(cid:374) (cid:272)ultures e(cid:373)phasize (cid:862)(cid:271)lood(cid:863) relatio(cid:374)s or relatio(cid:374)s through (cid:271)irth (cid:862)(cid:271)lood(cid:863) relatio(cid:374)s is (cid:374)ot a u(cid:374)i(cid:448)ersal (cid:271)asis for kinship as in some cultures, males are considered of o(cid:374)e (cid:862)(cid:271)lood(cid:863) (cid:449)hile fe(cid:373)ales are (cid:374)ot. Behavior is a common basis for kinship; those who act alike are kins. Usuall(cid:455) u(cid:374)derstood as (cid:862)(cid:374)atural(cid:863) as differe(cid:374)t fro(cid:373) other relatio(cid:374)ships. Links to modes of production, reproduction, and ideology. In non-industrial societies, kinship is the primary or sometimes only meaningful form of social organization.

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