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PHIL 1200 (33)
Chapter 16

PHIL 1200 Chapter 16: Topic 31
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Department
Philosophy
Course
PHIL 1200
Professor
David R.Hampton
Semester
Summer

Description
lP78R All other things are desirable only as means to these ends One first objection Hedonismandutilitarianismpresenthumannatureinadegrading light These theories encourage people to gain as much pleasure as possible, at the expense of high functions, and at the expense of virtue, altruism etc. Pleasure, conceived as the gratification of appetites for food and sex, is degrading Moreover, there seems to be no way to measure pleasure/utility, since different people find different things pleasant Mill’s answer There are different kinds of pleasure, some of which are more desirable than others Distinction between higher and lower pleasures Difference in quality as well as in quantity “It is better to be a human being dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied” This is Mill’sresponsetoBentham,whoseemst
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