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PSYC 2290 (24)
Debra Lall (12)
Chapter 9

Chapter 9 Textbook Notes

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PSYC 2290
Debra Lall

Chapter 9 Preoperational Stage  2 to 7  Representational/symbolic activity through language, make believe play Sociodramatic Play  Make believe play with others by end of 2nd year  More complex throughout early childhood Dual Representation  Viewing symbolic object as object and a symbol Egocentrism Failure to distinguish symbolic viewpoints of others  Animistic Thinking  Belief inanimate objects have lifelike qualities like thoughts, feelings, etc. Conservation  Certain physical characteristics of objects stay the same even when appearance changes Centration  Focus on 1 aspect of situation neglecting important features Irreversibility  Inability to mentally go through steps in problem then reverse direction Hierarchical Classification  Organizing objects into classes and subclasses Private Speech  Children's self directed speech Intersubjectivity  2 people start a task with different understanding and arrive at same understanding Scaffolding  Adjusting support level to level of child's performance Guided Participation  Shared endeavors between expert and amateur  Broad concept Planning  Thinking out sequence of acts Memory Strategies  Deliberate mental activities that improve chance of remembering Episodic Memory  Memory of everyday events Scripts  General descriptions of what occurs and when it occurs in a situation Overlapping waves
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