Textbook Notes (368,316)
Canada (161,798)
UOIT (554)
Chapter 1

Chapter 1 - Research Lecture Notes.docx

5 Pages
111 Views
Unlock Document

School
Department
Criminology and Justice
Course
PSYC 1000U
Professor
Leigh Harkins
Semester
Winter

Description
Psychology – Chapter 1 Lecture Notes Research Methods in Psychology – Why do we research?  Why are people the way that they are? If we want to know something –  Make a reasonable guess based on our experiences, thoughts and beliefs o Common sense o Intuition  We could go and ask people – o Limited knowledge of others o Reliability of existing information o Validity?  Are they actually sure about what they are saying?  We could conduct research o Test it out for ourselves  Basing the information that we get back on the information that others give us Limits of Intuition –  People rely on their gut feeling too much  The point is that it is very likely that people will be coming from an very bias perspective  When people are asked their perspective on things then they are too over confident sometimes  Overestimate their on accuracy  Often they do not know if they are actuate Hindsight Bias –  The method of “I knew it all along”  After making a prediction then people say “oh that was obvious, I knew that” Scientific Research –  Much more effective  Generalizes beyond that small group of people o Beyond one person’s intuition  Avoids hindsight bias  Testing it out empirically  Comes with its own set of strengths and weaknesses  Through the combination of different methods that we can gain confidence in the evidence we have collected Does Marijuana Impair Memory –  We could look and see what type of physiological reactions they are having  ask them to fill out some surveys  we could study people who smoke marijuana and test their memory  different types of memory tests  ask them whether they think it effects their memory o by randomly putting a person in one group or another they likely have a chance of having a different reaction Importance –  Facts and truths in this world often come from prior research  Psychology facts and truths are all based in research  The media reports research findings o We kind of take it into face value  They are based on shaky scientific grounds  Facts are only as good as the research that was done to collect them  People sometimes do not understand the research and they misinterpret the findings The Scientific Attitude –  Four underlying scientific principals – o Curiosity  why we want to learn about the certain topic o Skepticism  You look at things and evaluate them and you do not accept something unless you see the evidence  You have to look at the facts before you believe it o Empiricism  Only accepting ideas that have been tested and you can see the results  Presented with the facts and evidence  You do not take someone’s word for it o Parsimony  Simplest answers are the most accurate  The theories in the most simplest manner are the most favored  The one that seems to fit the data the best  Looking to the evidence to support your ideas  The Scientific Method o (1) Theories –explanations using set of principles that predict behavior over time o (2) Hypotheses – come up with a set of hypotheses o (3) Research and Observations – put the hypotheses to the test/ developing an idea  After all this is done –go back and see if your theory was accurate?  Deciding how you are going to measure your variables  Surveys?  Questionnaires? Research Methods –  Experimental o Manipulation and control of variables  Descriptive o Examine large group of people o Behavioural observations o Describing about what you are seeing o Through naturalistic observations o Case studies o Observing and collecting data o You have no control over the variables – you cannot control the way that they act Correlationational  how different variables vary  is there a relationship between the two  Does one increase do the other decrease?  How do the two variables relate to one another  Statistical approach  How two variables co-vary and change with one another  Help clarify relationships between variables  Test out ways of changing behaviour  Distinction between which ones are cause and effect over real world settings Three Key Rese
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1000U

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit