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Chapter 2

APA 2302 Chapter Notes - Chapter 2: Scholasticism, Polymath, Second Vatican Council


Department
Human Kinetics
Course Code
APA 2302
Professor
N/ A
Chapter
2

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Reading 2 – The Renaissance and the Reformation: 1300-1600
The Catholic Church had an affect on European culture in the Middle Ages.
Eras following the Middle Ages known as the Renaissance and Reformation
oWere a time of cultural change with respect to the church
Renaissance caused by the reintroduction of Greek and Roman thought and the
Church had to compete with the ancient philosophies. The Reformation was trying
to go back to original Christians.
Renaissance was an intellectual reawakening of the upper class and the authority of
Catholic church diminished.
Reformation was a religious reawakening that affected all of Western civilization
and the authority of Catholic church diminished.
Renaissance and Reformation:
- developed ways to view the human body
- laid groundwork for revival of sport/physical education
Renaissance influenced by classics (Aristotle, Plato, Greeks, Romans)
Humanists  philosophers that believed in the concept of humanism, focused on
humans and not on Gods
Ancient Greeks believed the human body played a role in everyday life. Renaissance
developed the “universal” or “Renaissance man” that used the body to develop
discipline and character. The Reformation saw the body as housing the soul and the
quality of the soul was observed by one’s behavior.
The body becomes more important in the Renaissance/Reformation than it
was in the Middle Ages
Cultural Changes of the Renaissance
- Renaissance 1300 to 1550
- Renaissance means rebirth or revival of classics and people of this time
believed they were enlightened
- Renaissance ppl believed the Middle Ages were dark
- Middle ages dominated by Catholic Church
- Renaissance characterized by trade & commerce
The Renaissance happened because of:
- war
- disease
- new ideas/intellectual curiosity
- religion
- overpopulation
- famine
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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