CRM 1300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 3: Cadency, National Crime Victimization Survey, White-Collar Crime

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18 Sep 2016
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Reading #3
Friday September 25th, 2015
CHAPTER #3
THE MEASUREMENT AND PATTERNING OF CRIMINAL BEHAVIOR
Measuring Crime
Uniform Crime Reports
Involves massive data collection from almost all the nation’s police precinct
Part I Offenses: crimes the FBI consider to be the most serious (homicide,
rape, robbery, classified as violent crimes, and burglary, larceny, motor
vehicle theft classified as property crimes
Part II Offenses: fraud, embezzlement, vandalism, prostitution, gambling,
and disorderly conduct. PAGE 39 FOR EXAMPLES
Each year the FBI reports to the public how many PART I crimes occurred
the year before
PART II crimes only give out the number of people arrested
How a Crime Becomes Official
A crime becomes known to police when the victim reports the crime
They then decide weather or not to record it
Critique of UCR Data
Underestimation of the Amount of Crime
The UCR seriously underestimates the actually number of crime annually
Diversion of Attention from White-Collar Crime
Their primary focus is on the PART I offenses therefore diverting the
attention away from white collar crimes
Misleading Data on the Characteristics of Arrestees
Data against mischaracterized the typical offender and divert attention from
white-collar criminals
Citizens’ Reporting of Crime
Depending on the number of crimes citizens report committed against them
the number may change, which then would rise the crime rate
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Reading #3
Friday September 25th, 2015
Police Recording Practices and Scandals
The number of crime can also change varying on the changes in police
behavior
One way is police crackdowns (involving sweeps of crime ridden
neighborhoods)
The second way is the police can change how often they record offenses
reported to them as a crime (record more showing the crime rate is
increasing, or record less to show it is getting smaller)
Different Definition of Crimes
Depending on the areas police may not report the crimes, then if they do they
can record it as serious or less serious
School Reporting Practices
Some schools are know to hid evidence of rape and other crimes to avoid
alarming the public and reducing admission applications
NIBRS and Calls to the Police
Nation Incident-Based Reporting System
NIBRS will eventually replace the UCR
NIBRS police provide the FBI extensive information on many types of crimes
National Crime Victimization Survey
Another source of crime data is the National Crime Victimization Survey
(NCVS)
Was initiated to avoid UCR problems just noted and to gather information
not available from the UCR
They interview individuals from random selected households every 6
months for a period of three years (they are asked weather they have been a
victim of the past year from the PART I offenses)
For each victimization additional questions and information is asked (age,
gender, if it was reported to the police)
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