CRM 1300 Chapter Notes - Chapter 12: Burglary, Embezzlement, Pickpocketing

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20 Jan 2015
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CRIM1300- Chapter 12: Property Crime and Fraud
Defining Property Crime:
- There are four types of property crime Part 1 offences classified by the FBI:
oBurglary
oLarceny-theft
oMotor vehicle theft
oArson
- Burglary: attempted or complete ‘unlawful entry of a structure to commit a felony
or a theft – usually homes a businesses
- Larceny-theft: Attempted and completed ‘unlawful taking, carrying, leading, or
riding away of property from the possession or constructive possession of
another”
oInvolves stealth but not force, the threat of force, or deception
oShoplifting, pick-pocketing, purse snatching, bicycle theft
- How something is stolen determines the type of crime
- Robbery uses threats or physical force
- Arson: “any willful or malicious burning or attempt to burn, with or without intent
to defraud, a dwelling house, public building, motor vehicle or aircraft, personal
property of another, etc.”
- Arson must be proved
- Part II Offences: Property crimes involving deception
oForgery and counterfeiting
oFraud:
oBuying, receiving, and possessing stolen property
oEmbezzlement: the misappropriation of misapplication of money or
property entrusted to one’s care, custody, or control”
- Property crime peaked in 1980
- Property crime has declined in most western nations
oPossibly because of the increasing amount of security systems
Patterning of Property Crime:
- Patterned geographically and demographically
- Geographically:
oHighest in the South and lowest in the Northeast
oLowest in rural areas
- Demographically:
oYoung person’s offence (people under age 25 make up 56% of property-
crime arrests)
oMale rate of larceny arrests is lower than for others because females are
more involved in shoplifting than others
oTypical property offender is white and also typically poor or near-poor
Social Organization of Property Crime:
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