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lec 4. Definitions.docx

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Louise Edmonds

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Lecture 4  Age Cohort – a group of people born in the same period of time. For example, all the people born between 1950 and 1955 form an age cohort  Age Effects – an effect on a person’s life related to physical decline or change due to the aging process  Age Grade – A concept used in age stratification theory to describe a period of life defined by society, such as childhood, adolescence and young adulthood  Age Stratification Theory – a theory that focuses on the movement of age cohorts over the life course and on “the role of social structures in the process of individual aging and the stratification by age in the society”  Cohorts Effects – An effect on a person’s life related to the time of the person’s birth  Conflict Perspective – a perspective that holds that society consists of conflicts between dominant and subordinate social groups  Critical Gerontology – Theoretical approaches that look ‘within’ theory and research to critically examine a question the underlying and ‘taken-for- granted’ assumptions about aging  Cross-Sectional Research Design – a research method the studies people from many age groups at one point in time  Digital Literacy – refers to computer and Internet literacy in a growing digital information age  Feminist Approach – an approach that views gender as a defining characteristic in social interaction and life experiences, as well as in the process and experience of aging; gender is seen as socially constructed, with men being more advantaged than women in society  Functionalist Perspective - a perspective that holds that social order is based on consensus, cooperation, and shared norms and values, and that all parts of society serve a role or function to keep society in a state of balance or equilibrium  Interlocking Systems of Oppression – macro level connections linking systems of oppression such as race, class, and gender  Interpretive Perspective – a perspective that focuses almost exclusively on the micro level of social life.  Life Course Perspective – a functionalist approach that bridges the micro and macro levels of analysis by incorporating social interaction and social structure within its framework  Longitudinal Research Design – a research method that looks at a single group of people at two people at two or more points in time  Macro-level Theories – theories that examine social structures or structural elements as they influence experiences and behaviours  Micro-level Theories – theories that focus on individual
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