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Chapter 1-4

POL 1101 Chapter Notes - Chapter 1-4: Authoritarianism, Internal Control, Proletariat


Department
Political Science
Course Code
POL 1101
Professor
Daniel Pierre- Antoine
Chapter
1-4

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Saturday, December 19, 2015
POL 1101: Reading Notes
Chapter 1: Studying Politics
Power: ability to achieve goals in a political system and to have others do as you wish them to
-power and authority can be bought with economic wealth (in local community or global
system)
-allows us the opportunity to create a hierarchy of actors and interests in the political system
Influence: the ability to change behaviour in others without exerting direct power over them
Political Studies: formal study of politics within and among nations
-helps us understand how events and decisions that seem far removed from our lives affect
us, our families and our community
-demonstrates how we organize ourselves in a social environment
Government: the institutions and people responsible for carrying out the affairs and
administration of a political system
-exists to accomplish two goals:
provide the necessary assurances for its citizenry by maintaining and protecting territorial
integrity, national resources, and the population from outside attack or exploitation
providing adequate social conditions, opportunities, and benefits for its people
Socialization: process whereby individuals act in a social manner; creation of social and
political authority and rules to regulate behaviour and thus permit operation of social units
-suggested by Thomas Hobbes as essential for the security of life itself
Public Goods: Resources that are present in a political system whose use by one individual
should not affect use by others
-various benefits that the government provides to all citizens
Ex. social welfare, economic efficiency, public safety, political freedoms/opportunity, etc.
Liberal Democracy: political system based on freedom and the priniciple that governance
requires the assent of all citizens through participation in the electoral process, articulation of
views, and direct or indirect representation in governing institutions
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Saturday, December 19, 2015
Authoritarianism: political system requiring absolute obedience to a constituted authority
Globalization: the intensification of economic, political, social and cultural relations across
borders
Domestic Politics: a subfield of political studies that concerns itself with the politics,
governance, and political administration of national governments and individual countries
International Politics: the study of foreign policy and relations among states and other actors
at the international level; also called international relations
-concerned with the social, environmental, economic, military and cultural relations across
the globe and examines political aspects of these interactions
Citizenship: status granted to people that comes with responsibilities and duties as well as
rights
-denotes membership in a political system, complete with the rights and responsibilities of
that membership
-related to the nationality or national identity to which we align ourselves
-a relationship between the state and the citizen to work together to protect and develop a
nation
Chapter 2: Political Concepts
Order: conditions in which both units and interactions within a political system are marked by
regularity and stability with the imposition of accepted and enforced rules, structures, and
practices
-a value to which many individuals and groups in society aspire
Political Order: a collection of rules, laws, norms, customs, and conventions that delimit and
maintain society
Democracy: political system based on the principle that governance requires the assent of all
citizens through participation in the electoral process, articulation of views, and direct or
indirect representation in governing institutions
-people choose their leader and have a represented say in government
-a system in which there are free and fair elections and minority rights are respected and
protected
Monarchy: form of government by a single ruler who holds at least nominally absolute power
-most have powers limited by other political institutions (Ex. Canada to Britain)
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